Ecosystem-based adaptation

Restoration, extension and conservation of pastures and wetlands and communal management of native prairies in Canchayllo

Fuente: Instituto de Montaña
Published: 28 November 2016
Last edited: 23 October 2017
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Summary

The EbA Montaña project, through a landscape approach, has promoted the application of  Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) measures in the mountain region of the Nor Yuyos Cocha Landscape Reserve, promoting the sustainable use of native ecosystems as a measure of EbA .

 

The EbA measure in the community of Canchayllo includes three key components for adaptation to climate change:

  • Strengthening of community organization,
  • Strengthening local capacities and knowledge and
  • Infrastructure/ Recovery of technologies (combining green and grey infrastructure).

Classifications

Region
South America
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosystem
Grassland ecosystems
Rangeland / Pasture
Tundra or montane grassland
Other ecosystem
Pastizal de montaña
Theme
Adaptation
Indigenous people
Restoration
Terrestrial spatial planning
Traditional knowledge
Water provision and management
Scale of implementation
Local
Hazards addressed
Drought
Erratic rainfall
Extreme heat
Glacial retreat
Increasing temperatures
Loss of biodiversity
Aichi targets
Sustainable development goals

Location

Reserva Paisajistica Nor Yauyos-Cochas, Peru | Reserva Paisajistica Nor Yauyos-Cochas, Región Junín, Provinica de Jauja, Distrito de Canchayllo

Challenges

  • Low level of organization in the community.
  • Difficult access to the community area and low level of local participation at the beginning.
  • Initial mistrust towards the project.
  • Only 41% of the population (mainly livestock farmers) reported to depend directly on ecosystem services (related to pasture and water).
  • Difficulties in matching local expectations with the EbA approach due to conflicting interests within the community and among authorities (i.e. general interest to exit livestock farming for alternative income opportunities such as mining).

Beneficiaries

  • Direct: 60 families related to livestock-farming in the rural community of Canchayllo.
  • Indirect: Population in the middle and lower part of the watershed, approx.150 families (approx. 300 persons) in the rural community of Canchayllo.

How do the building blocks interact?

The building blocks are articulated in a way that contributes to the sustainability of the initiative. The technology-based infrastructure in combination with measures to strengthen technical and organizational capacities build the basis for sustainable implementation and maintenance of the measure.

 

  • Strengthening of community organization
  • Strengthening local capacities and knowledge
  • Infrastructure/ Recovery of technologies

Impacts

The water storage capacity of the community area improved due to the repair of the eave of the dike of the Chacara lake. In September 2015, a flow of 184 litres per second was recorded. With the rehabilitation of the main channel Chacara-Jutupuquio (2855 m), water availability in the upper part of the community increased. Wetland zones and troughs were formed and an ancestral water channel recovered in the area under collective management. This channel – a combination of a PVC pipeline and infiltration ditches with water distribution and regulation functions - supply water to 560 hectares of native pastures and the grazing sectors.

The probability of fires was reduced due to the higher humidity in the pastures. The level of bird sightings, such as ducks (Anas flavirostris), has increased. These can be spotted in the lagoons or temporary qochas (natural ponds), which are formed by the water that runs through the restored channel and system of ditches. Three hectares of native pastures have been recovered in a natural way through demonstration plots.

Story

Testimonial of Gonzalo Quiroz - Head of the Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve

"Unlike other projects that come with a pre-established formula and say 'I have to do A, B, C, D and these are my indicators and my results', I think one of the benefits of this project may have been that it was possible to design it during the term. Unlike other projects that have everything encapsulated at the start, and say 'well I have to do this and I cannot even change the name of the activity'.

I think that has been one of the positive things about this project. [...] It is a matter of ownership, right? It has not been a parallel construction process or that one has developed it without the intervention of the other, I believe it has been a common planning process and this has been reflected in the master plan and in the activities that have been implemented.

We (Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve and Mountain Insitute) have aligned with each other and I do not think that was for a mandate, it has not been an order. It was because it was of mutual benefit, because we are two institutions that intervene in the same territory. The logic is that we have to support each other because in the end these activities are implemented for the benefit of the population, not of the institutions. [...]

Ideally, we form one single team and I think that has worked, because we made the calls and invitations in a common language. Both institutions signed one invitation letter and both your staff [Mountain Institute] and ours [Nor Yauyos-Cochas Landscape Reserve] helped to ensure the call, participated in the workshops, participated in the activities ... So it hasn´t been a process of orders in the beginning and empowerment in the end, this process we have designed and carried forward together with a common goal. So as an institution, we are implementing this common goal.

If I'm going to work on the issue of ecosystem restauration to improve the water harvest, well, it will be a minimum of three years, four years to do the infrastructure, pasture management, sensitize people to implement that management and to see how that ecosystem or that ecosystem service that is part of the pasture, that is the fodder, begins to improve the quality of life of the people."

Contributed by

Florencia Zapata

The Mountain Institute

Contributors

Instituto de Montaña
Instituto de Montaña