Preparatory techniques: Fencing techniques

Published: September 2019
Last edited: September 2019

Due to large numbers of livestock, fencing often becomes necessary for pasture areas with fodder production. Fencing is very crucial, particularly for the cultivated fields which are located close to roads or livestock corridors. There are several types of fencing practiced in Tajikistan such as fencing with mesh wire or fences from natural materials [e.g. branches, brushwood, stones, wooden sticks, etc.].

Fencing with mesh wire is expensive and difficult to afford for many rural communities. The majority of fences requires funding fully or partially by development organizations. It is recommendable to agree on an in-kind contribution from the farmers to ensure ownership. Usually, they contribute by installing the fences. Preferably and whenever possible, natural, local materials should be used for fencing. These materials are cheaper, locally available and provided by nearby ecosystems and, therefore, more sustainable. Fences made from local materials are also easier to be replicated by neighboring farmers. If stones are available on-site, fencing with stone walls should be considered.

Classifications

Category
Communication, outreach and awareness building
Sustainable livelihoods
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnational
National
Phase of solution
Planning phase
Inception phase
Implementation
Monitoring

Enabling factors

Local communities usually have a good knowledge of fencing techniques with natural material which are available in their surroundings. People use mostly stones, trees and shrubs for fencing the pasture areas. 

However, is a mesh wire fence installed, it is recommendable to enable local communities to install it themselves and even wave the wire with easy to use types of machinery. 

Lessons learned

In Tajikistan, it is preferable and better to use natural materials due to the cost of the material. Besides that, local trees and bushes are more suitable as they contribute to increase biodiversity and provide firewood and create habitats for pollinators and birds. Natural fences made of bushes and fruit trees are beneficial for the locals if they take care of the trees through irrigation and pruning.