On the premise of guaranteeing the ecological protection, sustainably develop the economy to improve the livelihood of local communities and residents

Published: 14 November 2015
Last edited: 12 February 2020

Environmental protection is closely related to human survival and development. It is the basis of economic and social development and stability, and also an important constraining factor. Seeking the balance between conservation and development is never easy. The traditional livelihoods in Wudalianchi area included agriculture, mass tourism and industry production, these all had negative impacts on the environment. The Management Committee made scientific and reasonable planning, and has been making the effort to guide and encourage industry transformation from traditional agriculture to organic agriculture, tourism agriculture, from mass tourism to eco-tourism, industrial park was constructed to mainly process mineral resources, carry out characteristic agricultural and sideline products and livestock products, transform from traditional production to intensive processing, supplemented by green food processing, warehousing and logistics. Local residents, with the help from the government and the Management Committee, transformed from high pollution industries to work in businesses with low impact on environment. 


Alliance and partnership development
Communication, outreach and awareness building
Sustainable financing
Sustainable livelihoods
Scale of implementation
Phase of solution

Enabling factors

The Management Committee supports businesses/industries that bring benefits to the local while with minimum negative impact on the environment. Government funding has been invested to encourage and support local industries. Provincial agricultural science and technology park was built to expand demonstration area of national ecological aquaculture, so as to closely monitor the individual businesses to ensure green development. In addition, opportunities are provided to local businesses by initiating and hosting national and international events

Lessons learned

Good intentions do not always come with the best practices and most preferable results. Despite the clear guiding ideology of putting conservation as the priority while promoting green development of the management committee, there are violations and wrong-doings. The comprehension and interpretation of the rules can be deviated due to different education levels. The park needs to be more pro-active in explaining and publicizing the rules, procedures and the importance of following them, so that violations or wrong-doings can be prevented beforehand. The park also needs to be smarter and creative in delivering the important messages, some misconducts are the results of not understanding.

The Internet allows people to have more choices. Without characteristics and uniqueness, Wudalianchi's products and industries can easily be submerged in a large number of options available nation-wide or even international-wide. The park should strive to explore its unique products and industries in order to stay competitive. This will help to guarantee long-term benefits for Wudalianchi.