The Open Standards-based method for planning and implementing Ecosystem-based Adaptation projects

GIZ - CAMP Tabiat
Published: 23 March 2017
Last edited: 09 July 2019
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A systematic EbA planning method has been developed and applied based on the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation. Within this method, identified dependencies and vulnerabilities, climate change information, and planning as well as monitoring of measures build on each other in a logical way. EbA measures have been applied in Central Asia before, but without systematic identification, often neglecting relevant climate information, which could even lead to maladaptation.


North and Central Asia
Scale of implementation
Cold desert
Desert ecosystems
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
Grassland ecosystems
Rangeland / Pasture
River, stream
Temperate deciduous forest
Tundra or montane grassland
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Disaster risk reduction
Ecosystem services
Forest Management
Land management
Sustainable livelihoods
Water provision and management
Erratic rainfall
Glacial retreat
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Shift of seasons
Ecosystem loss
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 18: Traditional knowledge
Target 19: Sharing information and knowledge


Bartang, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, Tajikistan | Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan


The policy approach to natural resource management in Central Asia still follows a top down approach, which will not be able provide localized and tailored solutions to the negative impacts of climate change. Local government structures are not equipped with sufficient financial resources and often lack capacities in order to create comprehensive management plans that incorporate climate information. The diverse ecosystems in the high mountainous regions of Central Asia provide essential goods and services, such as clean water, forest products, protection against natural disasters. However, inappropriate land management practices coupled with climate change impacts pose a severe threat to the sensitive ecosystems and have already led to increasing degradation. The EbA method outlined here helps to overcome these problems with an integrated approach that also takes Capacity Development into account. Climate information and nature based solutions help people to adapt to climate change.



Primary beneficiaries are communities in the pilot watersheds. The EbA method will also be enshrined in the strategic planning documents at national and regional level and in the planning of major international partners

How do the building blocks interact?

BB 1 represents the EbA method comprising a full-fledged vulnerability assessment and is based on the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation. It analyses the current and desired state of ecosystems and conventional as well as climate change related vulnerabilities of people and ecosystems. The outcome is an overall adaptation strategy incl. EbA measures. BB2 combines capacity building, institutionalizing and making available climate risk information to local development planners to pave the way to come from a project to a process.


Together with local communities, innovative processes of climate change adaptation planning have been launched. The participatory application of the method provided clarity to local stakeholders on the potential conventional and climate change related threats as well as adaptive capacities of local communities and ecosystems towards current and long-term climate change trends. It allowed to identify the most promising adaptation options robust to different climate scenarios, primarily focusing on improved pasture and forest management as well as water conservation measures. Additionally, households have been introduced to alternative income opportunities, such as tourism and fruit processing. The level of knowledge of local authorities, specialists of public sector institutions, and the local population about climate change issues and the need to adapt with nature-based solutions has been improved through communication and environmental education. The capacity of village institutions has been strengthened to flexibly plan the management of natural resources and make decisions on conservation and restoration of biodiversity. Local authorities and village institutions are now familiar with the features of decision-making under a changing climate (scenario planning). These joint measures will enable residents of high mountainous regions to better adapt to climate change.


Navruzmamad Bodurov is 46 years old, and almost all his life he lived in the village of Siponj of the Bartang Valley,Tajikistan. “I have been working as a teacher for 20 years in our rural school. I also started beekeeping, which brings a certain income to our family. I also work as a volunteer manager in our rural organization. I am doing this work, to contribute to the development of our community. I would like to give people hope for a better future and show them a successful example. Our village is rich in water, land and pastures. These resources are very important for us. The main sources of income for the local population, in addition to the remittances of our labor migrants, are agriculture and livestock. To improve the lives of fellow villagers, it is necessary to develop a more effective agriculture and livestock system, involving specialists in those fields. I really wish that our children will have a better life than us.”

Contributed by

Paul Schumacher Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other contributors

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH