Forest Landscape Restoration and improved natural resource management of the Mogazang Community

GIZ
Published: 06 December 2019
Last edited: 06 December 2019
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Summary

Desertification and its consequences threaten the well-being of the population in the northern part of Cameroon, especially rural households. The lack of fire and construction wood, and extreme poverty are major challenges for the population of Mogazang. Climate hazards such as shifting precipitation patterns are exacerbating risks for people. The elaboration of a map by the community members allowed the demarcation of a plot of degraded land (10.74 ha) for restoration. Adopting a "learning by doing" approach, different techniques to restore soil fertility were tested. While waiting for the plot to be productive, women received training in alternative income generating activities and the construction of improved cookstoves. The initiative thus contributes to AFR100 objectives through the restoration of degraded land, the reduction of the pressure on remaining natural resources and the generation of income.

Classifications

Region
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
National
Subnational
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosystem
Agroforestry
Cropland
Theme
Adaptation
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Restoration
Sustainable livelihoods
Water provision and management
Challenges
Drought
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Sendai Framework
Target 2: Reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030

Location

Maroua, Far North, Cameroon

Challenges

Despite an agreement by all involved stakeholders, keeping away stray cattle and sheep from the restoration plot has proved to be very difficult. Another plot within the community area was therefore demarcated to solely grow fodder for the animals. The plot was protected using woven stems of morning glory (Ipomea carnea) and neem tree (Azadirachta indica) poles.

 

The low rainfall in 2017 caused a large number of plants to dry up. This triggered a new initiative for irrigating the plants with drip irrigation, leading to the recovery of more than 50% of the wilted plants.

 

One of the major challenges is mobilising the community to become more involved in following-up on the project activities. We have therefore put in practice a social community-based approach where the engagement of all community members and the exchange between them foster the following-up on the restoration efforts.

Beneficiaries

  • Mogazang community and the sourrounding villages (Gayak, Kossewa and Dogba)
  • Traditional authorities
  • Decentralized territorial authorities
  • Community Interest Groups (GICs)
  • Ministry of the Environment and Nature Protection
  • Ministry of Forests and Wildlife

How do the building blocks interact?

Promoting ownership of the restoration initiative and the participation of all community members from all social classes (BB1) was the pre-condition to start project implementation activities. This ensured the interest and participation of community members in the micro-zoning of the selected plot according to the soil type, the topography and the identification of adapted local tree species (BB2). Micro-zoning has facilitated the implementation of useful reforestation, with a range of specific techniques to protect and water the trees. The planned plant nursery situated in the village with a permanent water borehole will play a pivotal role for the entire initiative, especially the water borehole as it will provide water for multiple purposes (BB3). While waiting for the plot to be productive in terms of timber and other services, the women received training on the construction of improved stoves, aimed at reducing the consumption of firewood. Moreover, further income generating activities were promoted like the collection and transformation of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) (BB4).

Impacts

Environmental:

  • Planting of nearly 10,000 plants, coupled with the construction of water retention bunds, in eleven blocks comprising eight fruit (e.g. mango, cashew) and tree species (acacia).
  • Protection of the site against stray cattle and designation of an area solely to grow fodder
  • Use of the agave sisal (Agave sisalana) to prevent water erosion, especially downstream of the water catchment area
  • Improvement of the microclimate and stabilization of erosion in order to contribute to the improvement of soil fertility through the plantation of plant and tree species
  • Natural assisted regeneration with Guiera (Guiera senegalensis) stems, which have continued to grow thanks to the opening of firebreaks upstream of the water catchment area

 

Socio-economic:

  • The local population applies the acquired capacities in compost production
  • Women constructed improved stoves and are using them
  • Strengthening of the managerial and technical capacities of nineteen village leaders
  • High-value species (neem, cashew nut, moringa) have been planted on the restoration plot for future income generation
  • Involvement of women at all stages of the different value chains such as timber, edible fruits and other non-timber forest products (NTFPs)

Story

GIZ

"The implementation of this restoration initiative allowed identifying difficulties of the beneficiaries with the participative and inclusive social community-based approach. Several social, ecological and institutional constraints hindered the progress. However, every time, possible solutions were proposed, discussed and validated in a consensual way. The combined use of traditional local knowledge and technical expertise ensures that the expected results will commensurate with the human, financial and material resources invested. A minimum of five years consecutive follow-up after planting aims at the development of a territorial management model to be replicated in other communities, taking into account management and technical capacity building as main enabling factor for this kind of initiative. This scaling-up allows improving the livelihoods of the rural population, which is part of national and international commitments of the Cameroonian government." Makueti Josephine Therese, technical advisor in Forestry, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Cameroon.

Contributed by

Mara Lindtner

Other contributors

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Cameroun
Ngomin Anicet (Point Focal AFR100)
Ministère des Forêts et de la Faune
Dr Bring Christophe (Point Focal AFR100)
Ministère de l’Environnement, de la Protection de la nature et du Développement Durable
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Cameroun
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Cameroun