Kawawana community heritage area: good life recovered through conservation

ICCA Consortium
Published: 18 May 2016
Last edited: 28 March 2019
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Summary

Kawawana (“our local heritage to be preserved by us all”) is an estuarine territory where the ancient governance and management rules –renovated and agreed upon also by the municipal and regional governments – are finally again respected. With not a cent of outside support, the local fishermen govern, manage and provide much needed surveillance operations for their own Kawawana, which has dramatically recovered in quantity and quality of biodiversity (fish, dolphins, crocodiles, birds…).

Classifications

Region
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
Ecosystem
Estuary
Freshwater ecosystems
Mangrove
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Theme
Adaptation
Coastal and marine spatial management
Fisheries and aquaculture
Protected area management planning
Other theme
Local gouvernance of natural resources
Challenges
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor governance and participation
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 4: Sustainable production and consumption
Target 6: Sustainable management of aquatic living resources
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 11: Protected areas
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 18: Traditional knowledge
Other targets
A better life for local populations

Location

Senegal

Challenges

Pressures on coastal marine resources, Poor food quality and security, Poor governance. At the dawn of the new millennium, uncontrolled fishery and ecosystem exploitation in the Rural Municipality of Mangagoulak (Casamance, Senegal) have basically depleted both livelihood resources and biodiversity.

Beneficiaries

The rural community of Mangagoulack includes 8 main villages, with a total estimated population of about 12,000 people of the Diola ethnic group.

How do the building blocks interact?

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Impacts

The “good life” is back in the villages: fish are available in good quality and quantity to households at an affordable price. The ingenious three zone management plan has fostered local food sovereignty (better diet and prosperity) and in part reversed the urban exodus. The practice of collective governance has consolidated local solidarity. The community has learned sophisticated methodologies and regularly monitors fishery and socio-economic results. Local interactive radio programmes allow to dialogue with all who need to know and respect the rules. Traditional anti-salt dikes were restored, allowing for the recovery of land for rice cultivation. The environment (spaces, species, ecosystems) has recovered and now better play its role as an ecosystem services provider. Local conflicts have diminished and attempts to exploit resources, which presented potential sources of conflict, were kept under control. For example, the burning of the Mangagoulack forest was avoided thanks to the influence of the initiators of the Kawawana ICCA, supported by the entire population of the 8 villages. In Senegal, 6 ICCAs are currently being set up and seeking legal recognition, following the example of Kawawana.

Story

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Contributed by

Salatou Sambou KAWAWANA

Other contributors

APCRM (Association des pêcheurs de la Communauté rurale de Mangagoulack)