Establishing plastic value chains in Vilanculos, Mozambique

Publicado: 16 Marzo 2021
Última edición: 16 Marzo 2021
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Vilanculos is a small paradise with rich biodiversity along the Indian Ocean in Mozambique, which has been suffering from marine litter for decades. The purpose of this project is to reduce the amount of plastic leakage into the ocean in this city. The project established eco-points in Vilanculos, where plastic waste materials is collected at cost by waste pickers, local residents and organizations. The material is sorted, processed, and sent to recyclers within and outside Mozambique. The various partnerships and advocacy actions carried out has resulted in an increasing collection of plastic waste. This has significantly improved the local marine environment due to the plastic management system put in place. 


3R works on creating integrated solutions for waste produced in Mozambique. The company is committed to the circular value chain contributing to the circular economy. 



África Oriente y África del Sur
Scale of implementation
Buildings and facilities
Connective infrastructure, networks and corridors
Ecosistema urbano
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Actores locales
Ciudades e infraestructuras
Comunicación y divulgación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Desechos marinos
Financiación sostenible
Gestión de residuos
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Marco legal y normativo
Mitigación del cambio climático
Reducción de desastres
Servicios ecosistémicos
Standards/ certification
World Heritage
Calor extremo
Mareas altas (tormentas)
Ciclones tropicales / tifones
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Especies invasoras
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Falta de infraestructura
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
Aichi targets
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 9: Especies exóticas invasoras prevenidas y controladas
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 12: Reducir el riesgo de extinción
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Business engagement approach
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través del gobierno


Vilanculos | Beira, Maputo, Matola and Vilanculos


  • Inadequate markets of recycled plastics as well as the closure of markets due to COVID-19 restrictions leading to low oil prices and lack of recycled/processed plastics.
  • COVID-19 pandemic severely affected the tourism sector leading to the closure of most hotels leading to low plastic waste collection resulting in low revenue and disruption of the constant flow of plastics.
  • The location of one of the Eco-point was near a school resulting in cases of child labour due to high poverty levels experienced in the region, which was also exercabated by the closure of schools as a result of COVID-19.
  • Lack of plastics waste management data, due to poor data collection skills among both private and public sector agencies.
  • Poor fast-tracking of invention and innovation associated with circularity aligned to plastic waste management due to inadequate technical skills among young people due to poor education transition rates.


  • Waste pickers.
  • Local communities, including youth and women groups.
  • Environment.
  • Local NGOs.
  • Municipal Council.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Advocacy and partnerships were critical cogs in the success of this project. Advocacy was a primer in preparing the enabling environment for the establishment of the eco-points in Vilanculos, where plastic waste materials will be collected at cost from waste pickers, micro-enterprises, and local residents and organizations. Partnerships developed the structure into which each partner collaborates and achieves milestones.


  • Various partnerships with different stakeholders has resulted in the establishment of new eco-points in the city.
  • Setting up a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) went a long way to enhance sorting, processing, and sending the material recovered to recyclers within and outside Mozambique.
  • Waste volumes in local dumpsites has been reduced and recycled volumes have increased. The current waste production is approximately 19 tons/day, 2.7% being plastics as a result of the project. In total the organization manages to collect 6 tons of waste material that is been recycled.
  • Selling and sending the processed material to recycling industries in Mozambique and abroad was very welcomed as it led to opened markets for exploitation leading to increased sales.
  • Awareness has been raised with the local population for reduction of waste, including, better management of plastic waste at source.
  • The marine ecosystem has drastically improved due to the plastic management system established, including regular beach clean-up exercises by young people and waste pickers.



Vilanculos is a small paradise in central Mozambique. It is located in front of the Bazaruto Archipelago, the country's first declared marine protected area.The beautiful beaches and the rich wildlife at the Indian Ocean coast have, however, been suffering with marine litter. Most of the waste produced in Vilanculos remains not collected or end up in a local dumpsite or the environment. But the eco-points are in operation now, opening the door for change.


Teresa Navelane started collecting recyclables three months ago. With the money she gets from delivering the material, she buys basic food items. “I think this project helped (the local Community). Now we have a fixed place to sell our material and can have some income”, says Teresa.



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Raymond Obare Sustainable inclusive Business- Knowledge Centre Kenya

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