Explore the balance between conservation and community development -- Take the easement project of Badagongshan Protection as an example

Hunan Badagongshan National Nature Reserve
Publicado: 04 Febrero 2021
Última edición: 04 Febrero 2021
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Resumen

Taking Badagongshan Conservation area as an example, this paper analyzes and summarizes the conservation easement project being implemented in the conservation area, so as to explore the way to balance the conservation of protected land and the development of community. This paper summarizes the positive role of project implementation, the problems encountered in the process of project implementation, the necessary conditions of project implementation, and the summary of project implementation experience.

Classifications

Región
Asia del Este
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Bosques siempreverde templado
Ecosistemas forestales
Tema
Medios de vida sostenibles
Poblaciones indígenas
Challenges
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Fuegos silvestres
Cacería furtiva
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones

Ubicación

Sangzhi County, Zhangjiajie, Hunan, People's Republic of China

Retos

Impact on ecology: It increases the scope of protection, better realizes the protection target of the protected area, maintains the stability and integrity of the ecosystem, establishes a broad living space for the protected objects.

Impact on society: the conflict between reserve and community development is effectively alleviated.The living standard of the villagers in the surrounding communities of the reserve has been improved, and they have spontaneously realized the importance of the nature reserve, and taken an active part in the protection and management work, thus becoming the guardian of the reserve.

Economic impact: Through the protection of easement, villagers can get ecological compensation funds, which effectively alleviates residents' economic pressure.On this basis, villagers can the economy with an industrial structure less dependent on biological resources, so as to achieve long-term sustainable development of community economy while ensuring the ecological environment.

Beneficiarios

Villagers from 22 administrative villages around the protected area ,

township government, 

Management office of Badagongshan Protection Area。

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The conservation easement first alleviates the tension between the community and the reserve, giving the reserve management agency and the community residents a common goal, namely, to protect the local ecological environment; Giving full play to the respective advantages of the community and the reserve, the reserve has various management skills to enable the community residents to better protect the local environment. As the people most familiar with the local environment, the community residents can provide convenience for the management of the reserve. Community construction is the key to the protection effect of the reserve, and good community is the foundation of the long-term and sustainable development of the reserve.

Impactos positivos

Impact on ecology: It increases the scope of protection, better realizes the protection target of the protected area, maintains the stability and integrity of the ecosystem, establishes a broad living space for the protected objects, and is conducive to the development of biological diversity.

Impact on society: the conflict between reserve and community development is effectively alleviated.The living standard of the villagers in the surrounding communities of the reserve has been improved, and they have spontaneously realized the importance of the nature reserve, and taken an active part in the protection and management work, thus becoming the guardian of the reserve.It is conducive to creating a social atmosphere of ecological protection.

Economic impact: Through the protection of easement, villagers can get ecological compensation funds, which effectively alleviates residents' economic pressure.On this basis, villagers can develop ecological tourism and other production and operation modes through ecological resources, adjust the industrial structure, and develop the economy with an industrial structure less dependent on biological resources, so as to achieve long-term sustainable development of community economy while ensuring the ecological environment.

Contribuido por

hueihong zhu Hunan Badagongshan National Nature Reserve