Guarding the Shallow Mountain Ecosystem through Citizen Science Investigation at Matoushan

©Yen-Shau Lin
Publicado: 28 Julio 2023
Última edición: 28 Julio 2023
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Matoushan, located within the Gutingkeng Formation, was designated as a landfill site due to the low water permeability of its mudstone in 2015. However, the decision was opposed by locals, who formed the Anti-Matoushan Landfill Self-Help Association and staged protests. With the help of professionals, they monitored groundwater and provided scientific evidence during environmental impact assessment meetings. Their efforts effectively demonstrated the potential impacts of the proposed landfill on local water sources, ecosystems, and residents’ health, leading to the suspension of the project in 2018. In 2019, the association became the Kaohsiung City Matoushan Nature and Humanity Association and has since led long-term citizen science surveys aimed at raising environmental awareness and increasing knowledge about diverse ecosystems and relevant issues in Matoushan's shallow mountain area. The surveys included habitat and ecosystem observations, monitoring of wildlife corridors, and roadkill checks along patrolling routes.


Asia del Este
Scale of implementation
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas forestales
Actores locales
Ciencia y investigación
Especies y la extinción
Geodiversidad y geoconservación
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
One Health
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Evaluación del estado de las especies
Seguimiento e investigación de especies
Manejo intensivo de especies (in situ o ex situ)
Planificación de la conservación de especies
Comunicación de riesgos, participación de la comunidad y cambio de comportamiento
One Health
Buena gobernanza territorial
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Sustainable development goals
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad


Matoushan, Neimen District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan


With the successful halt of the landfill development project, the local residents were able to protect Matoushan's ecosystems and preserve its traditional culture. They formed forest and mountain patrol teams and installed automatic infrared cameras to record the presence of mammals such as Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla, Herpestes urva, Rusa unicolor swinhoii, Cervus nippon taiouanus and Paguma larvata taivana. During ecosystem surveys conducted for the protests, many scholars discovered a large population of Geothelphusa ancylophallus, Taiwan's native Bambusa stenostachya Hackel, and rare plant species such as Biophytum sensitivum, Grewia eriocarpa, Begonia ravenii and Parahemionitis arifolia. This proved the existence of a complete wildlife ecosystem in Matoushan, making it an iconic shallow mountain wildlife corridor in northern Kaohsiung's Moon World. Since 2020, the Kaohsiung City Matoushan Nature and Humanity Association and the Kaohsiung City Neimen District Neinan Community Development Association have been conducting environmental surveys 1-2 times per month. They have also participated in the Ecological Network Project to support national wildlife corridor conservation efforts. It played a crucial role in protecting the local environment and promoting the establishment of a Matoushan geopark and national park.

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Li-Chuan Weng Forestry and Nature Conservation Agency