The Royal Golden Cocoon of Java: Cricula Trifenestrata

Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X, Crown Princess Mangkubumi and Professor Dr Hiromu Akai attending Cricula Trifenestrata habitat rehabilitation event on 19th January 2008.
Publicado: 12 Octubre 2021
Última edición: 05 Enero 2022
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Resumen

Cricula Trifenestrata is a wild silk moth that naturally spins GOLDEN cocoons; they are abundantly found in Indonesia and other parts of the world. Cricula larvae used to be labeled as pests as they ferociously feed on leaves of various fruit trees such as avocado, cashew, mango, cinnamon etc.

 

Fortunately since 1994, applicable biodiversity knowledge from Professor Hiromu akai (赤井 弘), along with exceptional wild silk craftsmanship collaboration with Mr. Nakanishi Hidenori (中西秀典), supported by the Royal Silk Foundation (founded by Royal Family of Jogjakarta), we have managed to improve the local villagers’ income by successfully utilizing Cricula cocoons into export quality wild silk yarn and crafts; We transformed the local community's perspective of Cricula Trifenestrata from pest to quest.

Classifications

Región
Sudeste Asiático
Escala de aplicación
Global
Local
Multinacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Huerto
Tema
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Agricultura
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Conocimientos tradicionales
Cultura
Financiación sostenible
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Manejo de bosques
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Paz y seguridad humana
Prevención de erosión
Turismo
World Heritage
Retos
Avalanchas/Derrumbes
Sequía
Sismo
Lluvia errática
Calor extremo
Inundaciones
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Fuegos silvestres
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Falta de infraestructura
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 12: Reducir el riesgo de extinción
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Metas del marco de Sendai
Meta 1: Reducir la mortalidad global por desastre para 2030
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 6: Incrementar la cooperación hacia países en desarrollo a través de apoyo adecuado y sustentable a fin de complementar sus acciones
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través de actores legales

Ubicación

Imogiri, Bantul, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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Retos

  • "Batik" is a World Intangible Cultural Heritage, but imported fabric (silk) used to create this textile art was too expensive for the low-income batik artists (who are mostly women). Hence, endangering the art of "Batik" making, as less people in the region can afford to create "Batik".
  • There is an increase in using cheaper and unsustainable material for "Batik" making.
  • Fast-crop cultivation has created arid land in Imogiri, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; prone to natural disasters such as erosion, floods and landslides which endangers the Javanese cultural landscape, namely the Imogiri Royal Tomb of the Royal Family of Yogyakarta.
  • Cricula larvae was subjected as agricultural pests, massive noxious pesticides are used to cull this unique species, endangering biodiversity.

Beneficiarios

  • Low-income rural villagers, especially women and girls.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

A solution is made possible when people from different nations, cultures and expertise choose to openly collaborate and selflessly exchange knowledge necessary to solve a specific problem. A trusted leadership is paramount to maintain diplomatic relationships and guard the implementation of the solution, ensuring that it stays on the right path.

 

The Royal Golden Cocoon of Java: Cricula Trifenestrata is a manifestation of an aspiration from the Royal Family of Yogyakarta to improve the livelihood of local low income villagers and preserving the art of Batik and the cultural landscape; the Imogiri Royal Tomb.

 

The collaboration between the wild silk scientist and kimono master craftsman has created a dynamic economic value, creating employments and improving the livelihood of low income villagers. 

 

Jogja International Heritage Walk serves as a people empowerment activity where locals interact with international walkers, exchanging cultures and wisdom. This is a confident booster for the locals to continue learning and grow.

 

It is paramount to have trustworthy channels of communication across borders and languages in order to prevent disinformation.

Impactos positivos

2019 was a triumphant year when the United Nations recognised our initiative as a good practice in line with UNSDG2030:

  • No. 5 Gender Equality: We have created working opportunities for women of all ages as wild silk yarn spinners; women empowerment as they regain identity and confident.
  • No. 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure: We are pioneer in the innovation and utilisation of Cricula golden cocoons into wild silk yarns and crafts.
  • No. 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities: Strategically chosen afforestation area as the preservation of Cricula's natural habitat and Javanese cultural landscape, namely the Imogiri Royal Tomb of the Royal Family of Yogyakarta.

  • No. 12 Responsible Consumption and Production: By utilising Cricula golden cocoons, we have created a zero-emission business model. 

  • No. 13 Climate Action: Cricula Trifenestrata is polyphagous, this means they feed on a variety of host plants such as avocado, cashew, mango etc. Therefore, when we protect Cricula’s natural habitat by continuous tree planting, we are preserving Earth’s biodiversity; one of the paramount climate actions.

  • No. 15 Life on Land:  It is through continuous education that the villagers begin to understand the value of utilising Cricula golden cocoons, stop the killing and begin to protect Cricula’s natural habitat.

Historia

Royal Wild Silk Circular Economy #sdgaction30981

The Royal Golden Cocoon of Java: Cricula Trifenestrata is a successful initiative that showcases the possibility of international collaboration that create a zero-emission industry, tourism and afforestation while preserving a Javanese cultural landscape, namely the Imogiri Royal Tomb of the Royal Family of Yogyakarta.

 

By collaborating with Dr Hiromu Akai (Japanese Wild Silk Society) and Mr Hidenori Nakanishi (Master Wild Silk Craftsman), the Royal Silk Foundation (founded by the Royal Family of Yogyakarta) is the pioneer in utilising the Cricula golden cocoons into export quality wild silk yarns and crafts. Today, they are no longer treated as pests but a source of income when the wild silk yarn are crafted into premium kimono and obi in Kyoto, Japan.

 

Jogja International Heritage Walk (JIHW) launched in 2008 is a non-political sport event that involves walking as a healthy activity and a time of appreciation for the heritage sites; creating empowerment for the local villagers and refreshing cultural heritage knowledge for international walkers. We shall walk towards a peaceful world as we learn to understand and appreciate each others’ culture and heritage.

 

This initiative has also significantly created working opportunities for women of all ages as wild silk yarn spinners. With their skills to earn an income, they regain identity and confident as a human being. When these women have a strong sense of belonging and empowerment in the community; mothers have the voice and capacity in the family to protect themselves and their children from early or child forced marriage.

 

It is a triumphant year when United Nations recognised this initiative as a good practise in line with UN SDG2030. We are looking forward to create global awareness of this good practise, with the hope to replicate this practice globally, hence mitigating climate change.

 

It is paramount to have trustworthy channels of communication between multifarious stakeholders, across sectors, cultures and borders, in order to prevent disinformation.

 

We are pleased to have the blessing from the Royal Family of Yogyakarta, to further disseminate this good practice and accelerate global actions for climate change mitigation, beginning with the creation of a sustainable art book: The Royal Golden Cocoon of Java - Cricula Trifenestrata (Bilingual: English and Japanese), which will be linked to worldwide afforestation program.

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