A scaling approach targeting youth as promoters of market-oriented sheep fattening

Photo Nahom Ephrem/ICARDA
Publicado: 21 Febrero 2021
Última edición: 21 Febrero 2021
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Resumen

To improve incomes from sheep fattening in rural Ethiopia, a new community took an approach that leveraged youth as influencers and promoters to scale up the adoption of improved sheep fattening technology and practices. Youth received a start-up package, participated in youth group training, received support from a community of practice, and disseminated their knowledge by organizing field days. Sustainability is demonstrated through the continuation of this approach despite the project end.

Classifications

Región
África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Subnacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Desierto caliente
Ecosistemas del desierto
Pasto
Tema
Actores locales
Agricultura
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Conocimientos tradicionales
Financiación sostenible
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Medios de vida sostenibles
Paz y seguridad humana
Salud y bienestar humano
Seguridad alimentaria
Standards/ certification
Challenges
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Calor extremo
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 10- Reducción de las desigualidades
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con asociaciones

Ubicación

Menz, Amhara, Ethiopia

Retos

Unemployed youth in Ethiopia live mostly in rural areas, where farming is the traditional livelihood. Ethiopia faces a shortage of land in parts of the highlands where population densities are very high and farm sizes are very small, thus solutions must consider interventions that allow for small farms and/or grazing on public lands. Sheep fattening is a long-standing practice in Ethiopia targeting festive seasons, perceived to be a low-risk activity and more profitable than large ruminants. Fattened rams using commercial techniques accrue higher net profit compared to traditional techniques in Ethiopia. However, there has been minimum progression by farmers towards commercial-based fattening due to challenges including feed scarcity, poor husbandry practices, disease prevalence, labour shortage, and poor market access. 

Beneficiarios

Primary beneficiaries: youth ages 15-32

Secondary beneficiaries: community farmers

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The connection is that the youth groups share their new skills and knowledge with the wider community of farmers. Open field days allow the youth groups to do this. Indeed, open field days organized by the youth groups themselves help promote ownership, management practices and business development in the wider community. Helping the emergence of cooperatives with a to-do mindset and skillset fit for the business. With better knowledge of finance through open field days and training, the youth groups and the community have easier access to loans. Then, the CoPs help feed into the youth groups through innovative actionable ideas and ways forward. Finally, linked to the cooperative’s development through community-based breeding programs, the youth groups are better organized which serves to disseminate improved fattening practices. 

 

Impactos positivos

  • Increased entrepreneurship: At least 412 youth have increased ram numbers from 0-1 to more than 6 rams per fattening cycle, and 437 youth are undertaking 3-4 fattening cycles per annum, up from 2.
  • Fatter sheep: Fattening rams have increased average daily weight gain from between 56-122g/day to 94-198g/day (44-67%), while utilizing only locally available feed resources.
  • Higher-income: Participating youth were able to sell sheep from between ETB 1200-2500 to ETB 2200-4000, an increase of 45-70% higher price than sheep fattened by traditional methods, and their incomes increased by an average of ETB 15000 ($500)  in the first year consisting of 3 fattening cycles.

Historia

In addition to increasing her income, 18-year old Tesfanesh shares her experience: “I was a village girl who couldn’t speak much in front of men. After becoming a group member, I have become a girl with high self-esteem and confidence.” 

Contribuido por

ICARDA Solutions