Toward conservation of coastal sharks in the French West Indies

Oceane Beaufort
Publicado: 12 Abril 2021
Última edición: 09 Noviembre 2021
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Resumen

The French West Indies have a rich but fragile diversity of sharks and rays. With more than 50 species identified in the territorial waters, more than 30% are on the Red List of endangered species and 30%, near threatened, are likely to join this list soon.

 

The main goal of this project is to promote the implementation of management measures adapted to local populations of sharks and rays and to the local context of the French West Indies. In other words, to conciliate the protection of sharks and the use of the sea by humans.

 

For this, complementary methods are used for identify i) the species present in the coastal waters; ii)  the coastal areas frequented by these species; iii) the main threats to these species in the identified areas. Including aerial survey and participatory sciences. 

Classifications

Región
El Caribe
Escala de aplicación
Subnacional
Ecosistema
Arrecife rocoso / orilla rocosa
Arrecifes coralinos
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Manglares
Playa
Pradera marina
Tema
Caza furtiva y delitos ambientales
Ciencia y investigación
Comunicación y divulgación
Especies y la extinción
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Islas
Retos
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Cacería furtiva
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 6: Gestión sostenible de los recursos vivos acuáticos
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 12: Reducir el riesgo de extinción
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento

Ubicación

Guadeloupe | Guadeloupe, Martinique, St Martin

Retos

  • Working on animals that frighten the population.
  • Inform the public that there are baby sharks on the beaches where they swim and they need need to be protected.
  • Regulations for the professional use of drones are restrictive.
  • Restrictive weather conditions (wind too strong to use the drone).
  • Low awareness of the general public on the species and its conservation.

Beneficiarios

  • Parc National de Guadeloupe.
  • Réserves Naturelles de la Désirade.
  • Parc Naturel Marin de Martinique.
  • Réserve Naturelle de St. Martin.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The French West Indies are home to several coastal shark nurseries. These areas are essential for the survival of these species. Unfortunately, the coastal zone is the area most impacted in our islands, in particular by pollution and nautical activities (such as fishing). The French West Indies have a role in the conservation of these species. It is important to act today.

 

To protect, it is necessary to know, in order to adapt the conservation measures and to propose the most effective actions. But conservation measures (such as fishing regulations) will be useless if the public is not engaged in this cause. We need to protect, learn and share.

Impactos positivos

The positive impacts of this project follow the baseline of Kap Natirel : "To protect, to learn, to share".

 

To protect:

This project allowed us to identify the shark and ray species which frequent the shallow coastal waters of the French West Indies. The initiative developed distribution maps and identified the main threats to shark and ray nursery areas, information that will be useful for the managers of beneficiary sites.

 

The data collected made it possible to support the recommendations in favor of prohibitiing shark and ray fishing for recreational purposes.

 

To learn:

This projet allowed the implementation of a long-terme monitoring of coastal nurseries in the French West Indies in order to evaluate population state in the time. Including a training for a monitoring team and the acquirement of necessary equipment (including a drone).  

 

To share:

This project also allowed to create the first exhibition to inform and raise awareness for various public over the next few years and throughout the French West Antilles.

Historia

Kap Natirel (Karaib Associasion pou Pwoteksion a la Nati) is a small NGO based on the Guadeloupean Archipelago. In charge of the Sharks Network of the French West Indies (Reguar), it carries out several actions in favor of shark conservation.

 

Their main goal is to promote the implementation of management measures adapted to local populations of sharks and rays and to the local context of the French West Indies. In other words, to conciliate the protection of sharks and the use of the sea by humans.

 

With the support of the European Union's the BEST 2.0 program, Kap Natirel is working on a specific project for shallow waters, a big challenge because it's where most of the interaction between sharks and human activities occurs.

 

Discover this project with the Kap Natirel baseline «Protéger, apprendre, partager» (to protect, to learn, to share).

Contribuido por

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océane beaufort Kap Natirel NGO