Kawawana community heritage area: good life recovered through conservation

ICCA Consortium
Publicado: 18 Mayo 2016
Última edición: 28 Marzo 2019
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Resumen

Kawawana (“our local heritage to be preserved by us all”) is an estuarine territory where the ancient governance and management rules –renovated and agreed upon also by the municipal and regional governments – are finally again respected. With not a cent of outside support, the local fishermen govern, manage and provide much needed surveillance operations for their own Kawawana, which has dramatically recovered in quantity and quality of biodiversity (fish, dolphins, crocodiles, birds…).

Classifications

Región
África Occidental y Central
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Estuarios
Humedales (pantano, turberas)
Manglares
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Manejo espacial de la zona marino-costera
Pesca y acuicultura
Planificación de la gestión de áreas protegidas
Otros
Local gouvernance of natural resources
Challenges
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 6: Gestión sostenible de los recursos vivos acuáticos
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Otros objectivos
A better life for local populations

Ubicación

Senegal

Retos

Pressures on coastal marine resources, Poor food quality and security, Poor governance. At the dawn of the new millennium, uncontrolled fishery and ecosystem exploitation in the Rural Municipality of Mangagoulak (Casamance, Senegal) have basically depleted both livelihood resources and biodiversity.

Beneficiarios

The rural community of Mangagoulack includes 8 main villages, with a total estimated population of about 12,000 people of the Diola ethnic group.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Impactos positivos

The “good life” is back in the villages: fish are available in good quality and quantity to households at an affordable price. The ingenious three zone management plan has fostered local food sovereignty (better diet and prosperity) and in part reversed the urban exodus. The practice of collective governance has consolidated local solidarity. The community has learned sophisticated methodologies and regularly monitors fishery and socio-economic results. Local interactive radio programmes allow to dialogue with all who need to know and respect the rules. Traditional anti-salt dikes were restored, allowing for the recovery of land for rice cultivation. The environment (spaces, species, ecosystems) has recovered and now better play its role as an ecosystem services provider. Local conflicts have diminished and attempts to exploit resources, which presented potential sources of conflict, were kept under control. For example, the burning of the Mangagoulack forest was avoided thanks to the influence of the initiators of the Kawawana ICCA, supported by the entire population of the 8 villages. In Senegal, 6 ICCAs are currently being set up and seeking legal recognition, following the example of Kawawana.

Historia

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Contribuido por

Salatou Sambou KAWAWANA

Contribuído por

APCRM (Association des pêcheurs de la Communauté rurale de Mangagoulack)