Publié: 14 juin 2021
Dernière modification: 17 juin 2021
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The Waste Flow Diagram (WFD) is a rapid assessment tool that maps municipal solid waste flows and estimates plastic waste leakage into the terrestrial and aquatic environment. It is developed for cities in low- and middle-income countries. It can be used both as baseline assessment and for scenario forecasting - supporting the planning and monitoring of waste and marine litter interventions.


The WFD is a freely-available, excel-based tool to be applied by experienced waste experts and consultants. It requires data inputs on the municipal solid waste management as well as the systematic assessment of all waste management stages from collection to final disposal. Cities and towns without updated and reliable waste data are encouraged to conduct primary data collection exercises based on the methodology of SDG indicator 11.6.1. The WFD is based on this methodology. Further guidance and assistance is available, among others through online courses. 


Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Afrique du Nord
Afrique occidentale et centrale
Amérique centrale
Amérique du Sud
Asie de l'Est
Asie du Sud
Asie du Sud-Est
Europe de l’Est
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Area-wide development
Écosystème urbain
Acteurs locaux
Aménagement urbain
Déchets marins
Gestion des déchets
Science et recherche
Villes et infrastructures
Gestion des risques urbains et de catastrophes
Sustainable urban infrastructure and services
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Engagement direct avec une entreprise
Engagement direct avec des associations
Indirect à travers des gouvernements
Indirect à travers des acteurs juridiques


Eschborn, Hesse, Germany | Annaba, Algeria; Sidarjo, Indonesia; El Hamoul & Borg El Borollos, Egypt; Rach Gia and Kien Giang province, Vietnam; Mombasa & Nairobi, Kenya; Manila, Philippines; Fnidec, Morocco; Tulum, Mexico; and many more


Marine plastic litter poses a global risk to marine ecosystems, fishing and tourism as well as possibly human health. An estimated 11 million tonnes of plastic enters the world's seas each year. This amount could increase to 29 million tonnes by 2040. A large share comes from the rapdily growing consumption of single-use products and packaging worldwide.


Insufficient waste management is considered a major source of marine litter, especially along coats and rivers. Understanding the leaks and pathways of plastic waste into the environment is key in developing effective measures to beat plastic pollution. 


The WFD was designed to support stakeholders in planning and monitoring local interventions and has been taken up by various international and local institutions, e.g. in combination with the UN-Habitat SDG 11.6.1 assessments in about 50 cities and mega cities.


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Mira Nagy Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH