World Heritage in Norway: national policy for an inclusive and participatory implementation of the World Heritage Convention

Elisabet Haveraaen, Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment.
Publié: 14 novembre 2020
Dernière modification: 07 mai 2021
remove_red_eye 1209 Vues


The solution focuses on the national-level policy and set up in place in Norway to implement the World Heritage Convention. It showcases Norway;s high ambition in implementing the Convention and in ensuring the best possible management and conservation at World Heritage properties. The solution refers to the policy set out in detail in the Report to the Storting (white paper) no.35 (2012-2013) (Chapter 4.8 World Heritage) which is continued in the Report to the Storting (white paper) no.16 (2019-2020) as well as to the 1978 Cultural Heritage Act.

The solution addresses the mandate of the Ministry of Climate and Environment which is responsible for both cultural and natural heritage and as well as the creation of national and local means to ensure enhanced dialogue and communication among multiple stakeholders on world heritage. This includes an interministerial forum, local advisory boards, the designation of World Heritage coordinators and the implementation of capacity building activities.


Europe du Nord
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Buildings and facilities
Forêt de feuillus tempéré
Piscine, lac, étang
Rivière, ruisseau
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Écosystème urbain
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes forestiers
Acteurs locaux
Cadre juridique et politique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Sensibilisation et communications
World Heritage
Manque de capacités techniques
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables


Norway | This solution is implemented at World Heritage properties in Norway.


  • Environmental challenges: Sustainable development of World Heritage properties.  
  • Cultural and social challenges: The need to strengthen the participation of local stakeholders and communities in the management and decision-making processed of World Heritage properties; The need for dialogue with local communities and local actors, ensuring management capacity at World Heritage properties.
  • Economic challenges: The need to balance development needs and protection of the Outstanding Universal Value of World Heritage properties.


The main beneficiaries of this solution are communities, local municipalities, institutional actors and stakeholders involved in the management and conservation of World Heritage properties in Norway.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The policy framework addresses the need for coordination among several ministries and multiple local, regional and national authorities as well as communities and local stakeholders. The interaction between ministries has been facilitated through the establishment of an interministerial World Heritage Fourm (BB2) while at property level, management has been strengthened and dialogue amongst stakeholders is fostered through the designation of World Heritage coordinators (BB3) and World Heritage Advisory Boards (BB4) which act as key driver for dialogue and awareness raising.

Through a commitment to World Heritage capacity building (BB5), Norway is a driver and donor behind the World Heritage Leadership Programme.

Les impacts positifs

Among the successful impacts is Norway's experience in incorporating the principles of the World Heritage Convention into the national-level policy, which reflects the importance of the interrelation of nature and culture in the management and conservation of heritage properties. Additionally, the solution addresses the following impacts:

  • Environmental: Norway’s understanding of the interconnectedness of nature and culture begins with the inclusion of cultural heritage as part of the environmental solution. This is reflected in the institutional set up that sees the responsibility for cultural heritage policy placed under the Ministry of Climate and Environment. The management of cultural and natural heritage is followed up by two directorates: The Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage and the Norwegian Environment Agency.  
  • Cultural and social: Communities and local actors are key stakeholders when it comes to the inclusion of local perspectives and in building capacities for the effective and inclusive management of World Heritage properties.
  • Economic: Norway acknowledges the role that World Heritage can play in the sustainable socio-economic development of local communities.

Contribué par

Aleksandra Einen Ministry of Climate and Environment

Soumise par

Ministry of Climate and Environment
Anne Nyhamar
Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage