Kawawana community heritage area: good life recovered through conservation

ICCA Consortium
Publié: 18 mai 2016
Dernière modification: 28 mars 2019
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Résumé

Kawawana (“our local heritage to be preserved by us all”) is an estuarine territory where the ancient governance and management rules –renovated and agreed upon also by the municipal and regional governments – are finally again respected. With not a cent of outside support, the local fishermen govern, manage and provide much needed surveillance operations for their own Kawawana, which has dramatically recovered in quantity and quality of biodiversity (fish, dolphins, crocodiles, birds…).

Classifications

Région
Afrique occidentale et centrale
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Estuaire
Mangrove
Zones humide (marécage, marais, tourbière)
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Thème
Adaptation au changement climatique
Gestion des aires protégées
Gestion des espaces côtiers et marins
Pêche et aquaculture
Non classé
Local gouvernance of natural resources
Challenges
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Chômage / pauvreté
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 11: Aires protégées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Autres objectifs
A better life for local populations

Emplacement

Senegal

Défis

Pressures on coastal marine resources, Poor food quality and security, Poor governance. At the dawn of the new millennium, uncontrolled fishery and ecosystem exploitation in the Rural Municipality of Mangagoulak (Casamance, Senegal) have basically depleted both livelihood resources and biodiversity.

Bénéficiaires

The rural community of Mangagoulack includes 8 main villages, with a total estimated population of about 12,000 people of the Diola ethnic group.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Les impacts positifs

The “good life” is back in the villages: fish are available in good quality and quantity to households at an affordable price. The ingenious three zone management plan has fostered local food sovereignty (better diet and prosperity) and in part reversed the urban exodus. The practice of collective governance has consolidated local solidarity. The community has learned sophisticated methodologies and regularly monitors fishery and socio-economic results. Local interactive radio programmes allow to dialogue with all who need to know and respect the rules. Traditional anti-salt dikes were restored, allowing for the recovery of land for rice cultivation. The environment (spaces, species, ecosystems) has recovered and now better play its role as an ecosystem services provider. Local conflicts have diminished and attempts to exploit resources, which presented potential sources of conflict, were kept under control. For example, the burning of the Mangagoulack forest was avoided thanks to the influence of the initiators of the Kawawana ICCA, supported by the entire population of the 8 villages. In Senegal, 6 ICCAs are currently being set up and seeking legal recognition, following the example of Kawawana.

Histoire

Only available in French. To read this section in French, please download the document "Blue Solution Template in French: ‘L’aire du patrimoine communautaire KAWAWANA: La bonne vie retrouvée par la conservation’” from the bottom of this page, under 'Resources'.

Contribué par

Salatou Sambou KAWAWANA

Soumise par

APCRM (Association des pêcheurs de la Communauté rurale de Mangagoulack)