Toolbox on Solar Powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS): Information and Tools for Advising on Solar Water Pumping and Irrigation

GIZ/Jörg Böthling
Publicado: 01 Febrero 2021
Última edición: 31 Mayo 2021
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Resumen

Solar pumps have become an economical, technically and environmentally viable alternative to conventional pumping systems powered by engines run on fossil fuels (diesel, petrol, gas) or electricity from the grid, even in the rural areas with limited or no electricity supply.

 

The Toolbox on SPIS is designed to enable advisors, service providers and practitioners in the field of solar irrigation to provide broad hands-on guidance to end-users, policymakers and financiers. The holistic set of practical knowledge products, that the Toolbox provides, allow the end users to consider the SPIS specific characteristics and minimize the risks related to system efficiency, financial viability and the unsustainable use of water.

 

The Toolbox comprises informative modules supplemented with user-friendly software tools (calculations sheets, checklists, guidelines) which support users in budgeting, sizing and designing a solar-powered irrigation system. The tools are available in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Classifications

Región
América Central
Oeste de Asia, Medio Oriente
Sudamérica
Sudeste Asiático
Sur de Asia
África Occidental y Central
África Oriente y África del Sur
África del Norte
Escala de aplicación
Global
Local
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Campos de cultivo
Huerto
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Energías renovables
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Provisión y manejo del agua
Seguridad alimentaria
Retos
Desertificación
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Cambio estacional
Enfermedades por vectores o relacionadas con el agua
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Extracción de recursos físicos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Falta de infraestructura
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 7 - Energía asequible y no contaminante
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Metas de Aichi
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Metas del marco de Sendai
Meta 1: Reducir la mortalidad global por desastre para 2030
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 4: Reducir los daños de desastres a la infraestructura crítica y los trastornos a los servicios básicos como las instalaciones educativas y de salud, incluyendo el desarrollo de su resiliencia para 2030.
Enfoques para el compromiso empresarial
Compromiso directo con una empresa
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través de instituciones financieras

Ubicación

Kenya | East Africa, West Africa, MENA Region, South and South East Asia, Central and South America

Retos

The lack of information on solar irrigation and its relatively high investment costs hinder the uptake of the technology. The knowledge on the potential, limitations and risks of the SPIS among extension officers, suppliers, policy makers, financing institutions and other stakeholders needs to be extended. Thus, farmers will have the access to the sound information to take informed decisions and maintain a SPIS in a sustainable way. The Toolbox provides a holistic approach through which the SPIS advisors can guide their clients.

 

The SPIS Toolbox improves farmers’, advisors’ and system installers’ capacity to sustainably manage water resources in a SPIS. While the access to information on the SPIS, contributes to a wider adoption of the technology and reduced emissions through the use of solar energy instead of fossil fuels to power the pumps.

 

The Toolbox informs decision-making agencies about the financial option more suitable for farmer needs, so that farmers could access finance for the SPIS.

Beneficiarios

The Toolbox is designed to enable advisors, service providers and practitioners in the field of solar irrigation to consult end-users, particularly smallholder farmers and cooperatives.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

It is important to design the SPIS in a way that farmers needs and site specific conditions (their environmental, agronomic and technical aspects) are addressed. This allows to optimize the potential of the technology to avoid negative ecological and economic impacts. The Toolbox fills the knowledge gap by informing extension officers, suppliers, policy makers, financing institutions and other stakeholders on the potential, limitations and risks of Solar Powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS). The Toolbox includes informative modules supplemented with user-friendly software tools (calculations sheets, checklists, guidelines) that provide a holistic set of practical knowledge materials through which SPIS advisors can guide their clients towards a financially and environmentally sound choice that helps to save water, achieve higher productivity per unit of water consumed while providing water for the environment.

Impactos positivos

The lack of information on solar irrigation and their relatively high investment costs are the major hindrances for the uptake of the technology. The knowledge on the potential, limitations and risks of Solar Powered Irrigation Systems (SPIS) is incomplete among extension officers, suppliers, policy makers, financing institutions and other stakeholders. As a result, farmers as a major end-user group struggle to get sound information in order to take informed decisions and maintain a SPIS in a sustainable way.

 

The Toolbox fills the knowledge gap by providing a holistic set of practical knowledge materials through which SPIS advisors can guide their clients towards a financially and environmentally sound choice. Decisions informed by the Toolbox use allow to avoid negative ecological and economic impacts by optimizing the SPIS to farmers needs and site-specific environmental and agronomic conditions including technical aspects. GIZ has trained more than 500 stakeholders, decision makers and advisors all around the world so far.

 

The Toolbox consists of 10 modules and 16 tools which support users in budgeting, sizing and designing a solar-powered irrigation system. With the Toolbox, the end users save water and achieve higher productivity per unit of water consumed while providing water for the environment. This leads to improved food security, water management and an increase in farmers’ income.

Historia

GIZ/ Jörg Böthling

Since 2015, the Toolbox has grown from being a simple Excel-Tool to a comprehensive learning experience available in English, French, Spanish and Arabic. It features tried and tested training modules, an e-learning course, online instruction videos and a pool of trainers who themselves were trained by the Powering Agriculture team. This way, the Toolbox offers different avenues of learning.

 

From the beginning, the idea was to provide trainings as part of a project or broader curricula. The Toolbox has been integrated into the training curricula of several organisations. As interest in the Toolbox grew, it became clear that a more systematic and sustainable trainer network was needed. The first step towards this was a collaboration with Women in Sustainable Energy and Entrepreneurship (WISEe) in Kenya.

 

Like in so many other countries, the uptake of renewable energy in Kenya is hindered by inadequate technical support to the rural households. In Kenya, the few qualified solar PV practitioners can primarily be found in big urban centres. Moreover, there are few female technicians. To address this gap, WISEe trained women on basic technical photovoltaics skills, empowering them to educate others, developing entrepreneur skills to set up their own businesses, and making them champions of solar technologies.

 

“Capacity development is key, because it will ensure that information on solar-powered irrigation trickles down to practitioners and end users rather than remaining in the domain of equipment manufacturers, suppliers and experts,” mentions Jacinta Gatwiri, one of the women trained by WISE.

 

After a five-day Training of Trainers (ToT) workshop, five women were invited to contribute to and lead the SPIS training workshops. The WISEe trainers can now offer their newly acquired skills as a service to interested organisations. The fact that WISEe was conceptualised and is managed by women to empower women in a largely male-dominated sector makes it a catalyst for change.

 

Jacinta Gatwiri and her colleagues have by now led multiple trainings on solar-powered irrigation in Kenya and other countries for both GIZ and FAO. “I enjoyed the experience of using flexible teaching methods, and the fact that there was room for trainees to suggest modifications to suit their local needs based on their experiences in the field,” recalls the chairperson of WISEe. Building capacity at the local level has the potential for enhancing collaboration and networking among those trained.

Contribuido por

Lilia Maximova Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Contribuído por

BMZ, GIZ, EU, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Sida, USAID