Piloting Temporal Protected Areas for turtle conservation in island states: lessons from Seychelles

Vanessa Didon, MCSS
Publié: 17 décembre 2019
Dernière modification: 17 décembre 2019
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Résumé

The implementation of Protected Areas on a seasonal basis provides protection for turtles and their off-spring during the nesting and hatching season. The Temporal Protected Area approach ensures that the turtles are not disturbed, harmed or poached during these important periods.

 

This initiative focuses on the protection of hawksbill turtles, as they nest seasonally, mostly on the inner islands of Seychelles. The main nesting areas in the south of Mahe, the largest and most populated island in Seychelles, have been nominated for temporary protection.

 

The nesting beaches are patrolled regularly with an intensified effort during the peak season  to facilitate protection of the species at this critical life-cycle phase, as well recording of data from nesting turtles. Opportunistic encounters with the nesting females provide the necessary data for individual identification to better monitor their nesting behaviours.

Classifications

Région
Afrique de l'Est et du Sud
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Plage
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Thème
Braconnage et la criminalité environnementale
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des aires protégées
Gouvernance des aires protégées
Science et recherche
Challenges
Acidification des océans
Braconnage
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs

Emplacement

Seychelles

Défis

The nesting beaches are becoming more popular with frequent visits from tourists, locals having picnics and sometimes camping on the beaches. The associated noise can distress the nesting turtles, prevent successful emergence and the successful laying of eggs.

 

Re-planting of vegetation on some of the beaches also has its limitations.  The re-planting sites are easily accessible to visitors, and unfortunately any attempt of replanting has resulted with the plants/cuttings being purposefully removed or stomped over as people make their way to the beach platform. Beach morning glory (Ipomoea) is a very good plant for prevention of sand erosion on the nesting beaches. However, it is considered as obstacles for nesting turtles as they often get tangled up in the creeper plant.

 

Sea turtle meat is still sold on the black market and as Hawksbill turtles are more accessible, with the females often nesting during the day and being the most common species nesting on the inner islands.

Bénéficiaires

The nesting sea turtle species are the primary beneficiaries.

Indirectly, the local community benefits as well, as turtles are important culturally and economically, through their value for tourism.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Regular monitoring and data collection: staff is trained to conduct qualitative and quantitative monitoring and collect sufficient and reliable data to support the project.

 

Community participation: the community is encouraged to participate in several activities, even to join on conducting patrols so that they are made part of the conservation efforts for sea turtles. Workshops are also organised to enhance the locals’ knowledge about the sea turtles and schools are contacted on a regular basis to organise activities like presentations to educate the younger generation.

 

Nomination file: this is to clearly define the interest and necessity of providing Temporal Protected Areas for Sea turtles in the designated areas.

 

Management plans and MoU: to explain the long- term aim for the TPA’s and how it will be managed and become self-sustainable, with clear MoU that defines co-management

Les impacts positifs

There has been a remarkable decline in turtle poaching incidents, due to the frequent patrols by the monitoring team. The presence of patrol officers on the nesting beaches alleviates poaching activities.

 

More successful nestings have also been observed, especially as the public is educated and respect the Turtle watchers’ Code of Conduct, which defines the “dos and don’ts” in the event of encountering nesting turtles and hatchlings.

 

Preparing nesting platforms prior to the nesting season, and clearing natural and anthropogenic debris as obstacles for the turtles, helps the turtles to successfully nest, resulting in an increase in the number of nests recorded.

 

Temporal Protected Areas can be more acceptable by the public as they only place restrictions during specific times of the year. The temporal protection raises awareness of the area’s value for other species and the impact of protecting these areas to increase successful turtle nesting. All these aspects can be strengthened through public workshops and explained through guided visits to the sites and on information boards.

 

Turtles are iconic species for Seychellois people, even appearing on the national currency. They are appreciated for their beauty and the important role they play in our biodiversity. Therefore, sea turtles are contributing towards the Seychelles’ economy, promoting our country’s value.

Histoire

The Marine Conservation Society Seychelles has been collecting sea turtle activities’ data for over 15 years. The organisation strongly advocates for the protection of sea turtles and the setting up of temporal protected areas for nesting sea turtles. The work of the organisation has provided in sufficient data to indicate that the south of Mahe is the main nesting site for especially the Hawksbill turtles and therefore warrants its temporal protected area status. Vanessa Didion, MCSS Project Manager, notes:

 

"I have been working with the organisation for over six years now, starting as a field research assistant and through my enthusiasm and dedication for the job, I got promoted to my current post as Project Leader for the Temporal Protected Areas project advocating the conservation of sea turtles in Seychelles. My profound interest in conserving sea turtles really came through from my first experience of encountering a nesting turtle, from that day on I knew I had settled into the right job and was really doing something worthwhile.

 

My personal background as a teacher provides the much needed qualities to pass on the knowledge about sea turtles to others and promote effective education awareness for the project on the whole. Having worked in the community for a long time, I am also well-known and already have a good relationship with the locals which is very helpful and facilitates a lot of education awareness activities that I undertake".

Contribué par

Andrew Rylance

Soumise par

Vanessa Didon
Marine Conservation Society Seychelles
David Rowat
Marine Conservation Society Seychelles