Increasing sources of revenue for safeguarding biodiversity and environmental management in Koh Tao sub-district

Francesco Ungaro
Publié: 07 décembre 2022
Dernière modification: 07 décembre 2022
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Summary

The island of Koh Tao, Thailand, attracts up to 500,000 tourists each year. This is important for the local economy but can also generates waste and pressure on the corals.The finance solution was introduced where tourists pay THB 20 visitation fee (US$0.6 per tourist), endorsed with an issuance of the amended municipal ordinance by Koh Tao sub-district Municipality Office with a hard-copy receipt being issued to each tourist at the pier upon arrival. It can generate up to $360,000 per year to protect island's biodiversity. This finance solution has aligned public finance (Koh Tao municipality fiscal budget) and private finance (tourists) to a nature-positive future. The issuance of municipal ordinance with specific pro-biodiversity finance provisions was introduced for the first time in a non-protected area of Thailand.The first-of-its-kind legal framework titled “Koh Tao Pier Fee Management and Collection Act 2021” was announced by the Koh Tao municipality office in late 2021.

Classifications

Region
Asie du Sud-Est
Scale of implementation
Intranational
Local
Ecosystem
Forêt côtière
Plage
Récif corallien
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Theme
Acteurs locaux
Cadre juridique et politique
Financement durable
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des déchets
Gestion des espaces côtiers et marins
L'intégration du genre
Moyens d'existence durables
Pollution
Pêche et aquaculture
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Tourisme
Îles
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Communication des risques, engagement communautaire et changement de comportement
Challenges
Perte de biodiversité
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Érosion
Perte de l'écosystème
Braconnage
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Sustainable development goals
ODD 5 - Égalité entre les sexes
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Aichi targets
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 17: Stratégies de la biodiversité et des plans d'action
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Objectif 20: Mobiliser toutes les ressources disponibles
Mitigation
Business engagement approach
Engagement direct avec des associations
Indirect par le biais des consommateurs
Indirecte par le biais des institutions financières
Indirect à travers des gouvernements
Indirect à travers des acteurs juridiques

Emplacement

Koh Tao, Ko Pha-ngan, Surat Thani 84360, Thailand

Impacts

  • With an acknowledgement by the Governor of Surat Thani province, the first-of-its-kind legal framework titled “Koh Tao Pier Fee Management and Collection Act 2021” was announced by the Koh Tao municipality office.
  • The collection of THB20 (US$ 0.06) per tourist has been endorsed with an issuance of the amended municipal ordinance by Koh Tao sub-district Municipality Office.
  • The commencement of tourist user charges collection officially started in April 2022.  Estimated that the revenue generated from the user charges collection for the post-COVID situation is approximately $180,000 - 360,000 USD per year.
  • The mayor of Koh Tao sub-district municipality office and its council members have confirmed that the revenue generation from user charges will be earmarked for nature and biodiversity conservation and community-based environmental management activities at Koh Tao through the supervision of the Koh Tao Sub-district Environmental Plan Development Working Group.
  • 5 community-based organizations (CBOs) were trained on project proposal development to access the UNDP small grant programme(SGP) including  Koh Tao Small-scale Fisherfolk group, Mae Haad Taxi boat operators, Sairee Taxi boat operators, Koh Tao Women group, and Youth group of Tao Noi Channel have been assisted by the project to develop and submit the proposal to UNDP Thailand as low value grant to receive additional funds from Krungthai Bank.

Contribué par

Portrait de gamzeakarsu.en_37360

Gamze Akarsu United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), BIOFIN

Other contributors

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)