Waste Management in very Touristic Area: Gili Trawangan Innovation and Education towards Zero Waste

Publié: 04 mars 2019
Dernière modification: 11 mars 2021
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Gili Trawangan is a touristic little island in the north of Lombok, Indonesia. For the last 15 years, tourism has “exploded” from about 10,000 tourists a year, we are now over a million of tourists visiting Trawangan every year. All these tourists come to enjoy the paradise island without pollution as no car and no motorbike, and to enjoy the turquoise waters to swim, snorkel and scuba dive. But in reality the development of the businesses and the number of tourists is dangerously threatening the little paradise from drowning under rubbish and sewage pollution as the infrastructures on the island are not in place for a proper management of the 20 tons of rubbish collected every single day. Lombok and Gili have now been hit by series of earthquakes and we want to take this opportunity to start over with waste management towards eco-tourism. The Gili Eco Trust is actively involved in recycling, upcycling, education and sustainable solutions to local communities for a better future.


Asie du Sud-Est
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Récif corallien
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Acteurs locaux
Déchets marins
Gestion des déchets
Moyens d'existence durables
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Acidification des océans
Montée du niveau des mers
Perte de l'écosystème
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Manque de capacités techniques
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Manque d'infrastructures
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 4 - Éducation de qualité
ODD 9 - Industrie, innovation et infrastructure
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 11: Aires protégées
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Cadre d'action de Sendai
6: Améliorer nettement, d’ici à 2030, la coopération internationale avec les pays en développement en leur fournissant un appui approprié et continu afin de compléter l’action qu’ils mènent à l’échelle nationale pour mettre en œuvre le présent Cadre.
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Engagement direct avec des associations


Gili Trawangan, Lombok Utara, 83352, Indonesia | Gili Air, Gili Meno, Lombok
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When working with waste and local communities, the first challenge is to make people responsible of their own waste. While working with so many differents kind of people, we have to find a way of educating everyone at their different social level as well as with their different life style. The Green Patrol with the Eco rangers should be able to adapt tools, educational tools as well as demonstration depending on their "students": stakeholders, local communities, employees, owners, expats...etc

With constant eyes on the island (Green Patrol), we want to make sure no more illegal dumping happens, all the waste should end in the sorting facilities and not on empty land polluting land, well water and oceans.

For the success of the Green Patrol, we need a good team of Eco Rangers with local people feeling responsible of the future of their island but also willing to teach people for a real change. The budget for the green patrol with at least 10 eco rangers is still a big challenge for us.


local communities


Stakeholders and tourism activities


local associations

near by island and all Indonesia as we want to scale up our system to many locations

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

This project is an integrated project with many actions, short and long term goals, and many people, businesses and communities involved. This project is a combination of many projects and actions to ensure that zero waste goal is reach for Gili Trawangan. We want to combine raising awareness and education of the local communities and tourism businesses how to be sustainable in terms of waste management, soil and reef restoration, use of local facilities and solutions in place.

The buildings blocks interact as the glass upcycling project is our way of reducing the amount of solid waste ending up on the landfill. Without the glass upcycling projects, which are running for the last 6 years, our "dump" or landfill would have been about 3 times the size it is actually. Everything about waste is connected and interact with one another. Waste selection from its source is the key to success for our project and we think it can only work with repetitions of the waste selection education.

If everyone select their waste according to our 5 categories, then there is no glass waste on the dump (all transformed and upcycled) and the anorganic rubbish can be selected again to reduce the amount of residu.

Les impacts positifs

Our solution will impact the whole island as it grows its network through the Green Patrol and Gili Green Award, more and more people will be aware of our goals and objectives, and the facilities are on the island too to see the type of waste, how much recycling is done, and how much residue is left. How many hotels would sign in the Gili Green Award is the key for us to establish a global network of consciousness for the best future of Gili Trawangan.

It will impact not only the environment because the waste will be selected and disposed properly, but it will impact the local communities and the tourists who will proudly say that they have learned about the waste selection and how to reduce their consumption of single use plastic.

Tourism will be impacted too, the island will become an example of eco and green tourism for the rest of Indonesia. Businesses on the island will be able to market Gili Trawangan as a green and eco destination where everyone is working together for a greener future.

Repetitive education is our way to garantee the success of waste management towards zero waste. Waste selected from its source with aware communities will make sure the amount of waste going to landfill is reduced at its lowest amount.

Eco pledge for tourists, daily education and checks, Gili Green Award, rubbish bank, Trash App: all projects combine towards zero waste as a main impact



After creating a base of waste management in a sustainable and educational way with a complete network with all Gili Trawangan businesses and communities, we would like to expand our projects for even more recycling and upcycling, composting a bigger volume of organic waste with more land and being able to start some bigger permaculture projects, more people trained so the project can be replicated in other islands in Indonesia and all over the world. We would also expand our projects to tackle the marine pollution through disposable plastics by working with more communities in Lombok which would collect rubbish instead of dumping in river beds and littering all over the primitive island. So free workshops will be organised for each villages and communities.


Our long term goal will be to use the awareness & traction we have generated through this project to raise additional funding for the implementation of some locally empowered eco-rules such as: banning plastic bags and plastic straws and encouraging refill water stations rather than buying disposable water bottles.


The well being and the future of this island and making it sustainable is my job, my dream and my life goal. I will be working full time on that project to manage the combination of projects that we have put in place and that we want to expand. I will need to delegate to be successful, so I will hire new people who help me manage all these actions and becoming bigger for larger in terms of networking and creating an example. Our goal is to educate as many people as possible, with repetitive education and raising awareness about our environment, waste, sewage, solutions, we hope to get many people feeling responsible of their impacts as well as some becoming true eco warriors to help their island become an eco example of green tourism integrating education towards sustainability and zero waste.


Contribué par

Delphine Robbe Yayasan Ekosistem Gili Indah / Gili Eco Trust

Soumise par

Green Generation and Waste 4 change