Strategizing Biodiversity Action Plan to National Biodiversity Targets, Sustainable Development Goals and Aichi Targets Framework

Nagaland State Biodiversity Board
Published: 20 July 2020
Last edited: 20 July 2020
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1. Review of the earlier strategy and action plan.

2. Identification of gaps and issues vis a vis the National Biodiversity Targets, Sustainable Development Goals and Aichi Targets.

3. Mobilisation /training /consultation programmes with all the important Stake holders.

4. Framing of achievable targets taking into consideration all the possible National and International Targets. 
5. Resource assessment on implementation of the Targets identified/ set.




South Asia
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
Pool, lake, pond
River, stream
Temperate evergreen forest
Tropical deciduous forest
Tropical evergreen forest
Access and benefit sharing
Biodiversity mainstreaming
Genetic diversity
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Invasive alien species
Poaching and environmental crime
Species management
Erratic rainfall
Extreme heat
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Shift of seasons
Storm surges
Vector and water borne diseases
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Ecosystem loss
Invasive species
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Lack of infrastructure
Poor governance and participation
Social conflict and civil unrest
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 4 – Quality education
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 7 – Affordable and clean energy
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 9 – Industry, innovation and infrastructure
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 14 – Life below water
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 5: Habitat loss halved or reduced
Target 6: Sustainable management of aquatic living resources
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 8: Pollution reduced
Target 9: Invasive alien species prevented and controlled
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 11: Protected areas
Target 12: Reducing risk of extinction
Target 13: Safeguarding genetic diversity
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 16: Access to and sharing benefits from genetic resources
Target 17: Biodiversity strategies and action plans
Target 18: Traditional knowledge
Target 19: Sharing information and knowledge
Target 20: Mobilizing resources from all sources
Other targets
National Biodiversity Targets of India


Nagaland, India


  1. Creating mass awareness on the values of biodiversity, impact of climate changes, agro-biodiversity loss and its impact on the livelihood, environment degradation, erosion of traditional knowledge, etc.
  2. Addressing the various biodiversity related issues against the development plans.
  3. Building capacity of implementing agencies and also the local communities as a whole.
  4. Resource mobilisation and creating opportunities for alternative livelihood of the communities.


All Stakeholders

How do the building blocks interact?

Mass awareness creation and capacity building development on national biodiversity targets, Aichi targets and the Sustainable Development Goals after identifying the appropriate agencies.


  1. Collaboration among interdisciplinary departments, NGOs, communities and all other stakeholders.
  2. Values of biodiversity incorporated in state policies, action plans or developmental plans.
  3. The 12 Nagaland biodiversity targets contribute to at least 15 SDGs and 18 Aichi Targets
  4. Replicability at the state, national and global level.
  5. Awareness generation amongst many different government departments, publics and various entities. 
  6. Reviews and evaluation of existing policy implementation concerning biodiversity matters in the state.
  7. Capacity building of implementing agencies and partners.

Contributed by

Supongnukshi Ao

Other contributors