Co-management of Range-lands - Al Yarmouk Forest Reserve, Jordan

The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Publicado: 10 Junio 2020
Última edición: 07 Agosto 2020
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Resumen

The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) is the national organization mandated to establish and manage protected areas in Jordan. Established in 1966, it manages 10 PAs totalling 3,000Km2, representing 3% of the country. Also, RSCN leads the national program on socioeconomic development of rural communities, living in and around PAs, focusing on sustainable resource management and ecotourism. With an area of ​​20 km2, the Yarmouk Forest Reserve (YFR) is located in the northern corner of the Kingdom. YFR aims to conserve the relic forests of the deciduous oak in Jordan. YFR embraces four vegetation types including 450 species of plants, 150 species of animals, a 100 of which are birds. Further, YFR is of high cultural importance including the Archaeological City of Um Qais and the living heritage in small towns with their traditional practices. Communities living around YFR are mainly rural and depend on seasonal farming and livestock herding for their livelihoods.

Classifications

Región
Oeste de Asia, Medio Oriente
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Bosque templado caducifolio
Ecosistemas forestales
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Conocimientos tradicionales
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Planificación de la gestión de áreas protegidas
Challenges
Sequía
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Erosión
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas

Ubicación

Irbid, Irbid Governorate, Jordan
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Impactos positivos

In recent years, due to prolonged drought periods and unsustainable land use, YFR’s biodiversity and land productivity have been deteriorating rapidly. Main threats include excessive grazing and wood cutting for subsistence and trade. In response, RSCN has adopted an integrated management plan to address all factors influencing YFR. The plan was developed with full participation of local users and includes a participative zoning scheme which comprises a sustainable grazing program in and around the reserve. The grazing management program includes components on rangeland protection and socioeconomic alternatives to livestock owners, all based on traditional knowledge, and delivered through collaborative measures: 1) a collaborative rangeland management platform, 2) rotational grazing program including no go zones in critical biodiversity areas, 3) program on improved herd productivity and reproductive cycles, and 4) a community –owned alternative low-cost fodder production unit.

Contribuido por

Tarek Abulhawa The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN)