Ecosystem-based erosion control in Azerbaijan

IBiS, GIZ
Publicado: 01 Agosto 2017
Última edición: 02 Octubre 2020
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Resumen

Pastures in the South Caucasus region are under pressure through unsustainable use and climate change processes. The GIZ Programme “Integrated Biodiversity Management, South Caucasus” inter alia implements and tests affordable solutions together with local communities, preventing erosion and managing the mountainous ecosystems in a sustainable way. Piloted measures include: stabilization of slopes and river beds, setup of hay-meadows, afforestation, orchard management and construction of a tree nursery.

Classifications

Región
Oeste de Asia, Medio Oriente
Escala de aplicación
Local
Subnacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Pasto
Tundra, pastizal montano
Tema
Adaptación al cambio climático
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Geodiversidad y geoconservación
Gestión de tierras
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Medios de vida sostenibles
Prevención de erosión
Servicios ecosistémicos
Retos
Avalanchas/Derrumbes
Desertificación
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Inundaciones
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Erosión
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento

Ubicación

Ehen, Ismailli, Azerbaijan

Retos

Many pastures in the mountain areas of Azerbaijan are in bad condition. High numbers of livestock and bad management practices lead to a loss of vegetation and subsequent soil erosion. Degraded pastures result in a loss of biodiversity and livelihoods and a rising risk of landslides. Estimated temperature rise and an increase in extreme weather events will accelerate land degradation. Even though a rise of rainfall might be beneficial for pastures, changing land uses and increased evaporation will amplify soil erosion. The government and district administration lack coordination and finance for the sustainable management of public pastures. Local communities are aware of the erosion problem, but no incentives and clear examples for erosion control are given by the authorities. To combat overgrazing, farmers have to be provided with alternative income generating practices, e.g. through an integrated management concept proving the economic value of sustainably used ecosystem services.

Beneficiarios

Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Ismayilli District Administration, local municipalities and local communities.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Building Block 1 is concerned with the erosion control activities of the programme. Those are piloted on the local level and used later to upscale the programme and present feasible solutions to other communities. To implement the measures and guarantee a sustainable outcome, Building Block 2 describes the participatory planning and Building Block 3 gives attention to the capacity development approach.

Impactos positivos

The solution fostered the knowledge of decision makers and farmers on erosion processes and the sustainable management of biodiversity. Through various workshops, trainings and excursions the value of ecosystem services was explained and translated into the realities of the participants. The mainstreaming of biodiversity was strengthened through the facilitation of an inter-sectoral steering group on district level. Impact of different erosion control measures is being measured through a monitoring system. The implemented measures are used to demonstrate effective erosion control to stakeholders and neighbouring communities, to raise interest of politicians and local communities in ecosystem-based erosion control. The aim was to make the construction of erosion control measures affordable and easy to undertake. In Ehen village in Ismayilli region, several bioengineering and engineering measures have been implemented: steep hills have been stabilized with terraces and fruit trees, several check-dams and a gabion have been constructed in eroded river beds, areas with gully erosion have been fenced and afforested and eroded pastures have been re-established as hay-meadows. Alternative income generating practices have been supported through trainings and funding: orchard management, beekeeping and hay production.

Contribuido por

Markus Koeppler Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Contribuído por

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH