Living Seawalls - bringing biodiversity back to coastal infrastructure

Living Seawalls
Publicado: 13 Febrero 2022
Última edición: 03 Febrero 2023
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Across the world, urbanisation is placing marine and coastal habitats under increasing pressure. Seawalls are essential for shoreline protection, recreational activities and renewable energy generation but often lack the structural complexity required to support rich biodiversity. The Living Seawalls project, founded in Sydney, Australia, builds on marine research to design and produce modular ‘habitat tiles’ that mimic the living surface of marine plants and animals. The tiles can be attached to shoreline infrastructure to facilitate the colonisation of intertidal species such as oysters, barnacles, seaweeds and mussels. These species start the growth of an ecosystem by providing food and habitat for marine species and maintaining water quality. Over a thousand panels have been installed globally providing tangible benefits to local marine ecosystems. 


Europa Occidental y del Sur
Scale of implementation
Area-wide development
Arrecife rocoso / orilla rocosa
Bosques costeros
Ecosistema urbano
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Adaptación al cambio climático
Ciencia y investigación
Ciudades e infraestructuras
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Manejo espacial de la zona marino-costera
Mantenimiento de infraestructura
Planificaión urbana
Reducción de desastres
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Seguimiento e investigación de especies
Planificación de la conservación de especies
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Sustainable urban infrastructure and services
Incremento de temperatura
Aumento del nivel del mar
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Sustainable development goals
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 6: Gestión sostenible de los recursos vivos acuáticos
Meta 9: Especies exóticas invasoras prevenidas y controladas
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia


Sydney Harbour, Australia


The Living Seawall Projects increases awareness of urban expansion impacts on biodiversity in our oceans. The Living Seawall project offers an example solution to remediate the environmental impacts of widespread marine construction and the rapidly declining rates of marine biodiversity.


In terms of ecological impact, after two years, the habitat tiles already support a third more species than the bare seawalls that had been there for decades. The panels contain a similar species diversity and quantity to natural rocky reefs nearby. More than a hundred different species of invertebrates and seaweeds were found, and over thirty species of fish used these new ecosystems. The modular design allows for the panels to be tailored to every kind of site, and the tiles can be altered depending on the local ecosystem. So far, ten different surface panels have been designed that mimic various shoreline features such as an oyster reef, roots of a mangrove forest and ‘fingers’ of a sponge structure. The panels are built specifically to provide habitat for native species.


With an eye on climate change, bare featureless surfaces like seawalls provide little protection from high temperatures. In pilot sites, the habitat tiles reduced surface temperatures by as much as 10 degrees, proving the project to be an opportunity for sea life climate adaptation as well.



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