PEACECORE: Strengthening Capacities for Peacebuilding and Conflict Resolution between Farmers and Cattle Herders in Nigeria's Middle Belt

GIZ PEACECORE
Publicado: 29 Agosto 2023
Última edición: 17 Enero 2024
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Summary

Plateau State in Nigeria is affected by various conflict lines that contribute to tensions and violent conflict: farmers and cattle herders compete over natural resources such as water and land. A variety of different cultural, religious and ethnic identities are represented in the project area.

PEACECORE project promotes peaceful coexistence, sustainable livelihoods and food security. We focus on peacebuilding through decentralised structures to mediate natural resource conflict; advocacy and dialogue processes are supported while trauma processing structures are developed. We address the interrelation of peaceful coexistence and economic empowerment among cattle herders and farmers. Farmers and herders are trained in various aspects of sustainable agricultural practice and animal health, cooperatives and associations are strengthened and established, value chains and livelihood diversified, as well as traditional trade mechanisms revived.

Clasificaciones

Region
África Occidental y Central
Scale of implementation
Local
Nacional
Subnacional
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Huerto
Pastizales templados, sabana, matorral
Pasto
Pradera tropical, sabana, matorral
Theme
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Agricultura
Comunicación y divulgación
Conocimientos tradicionales
Energías renovables
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de cuencas
Mantenimiento de infraestructura
Marco legal y normativo
Medios de vida sostenibles
One Health
Paz y seguridad humana
Poblaciones indígenas
Provisión y manejo del agua
Salud y bienestar humano
Seguridad alimentaria
One Health
Sanidad animal
Sistemas alimentarios
Buena gobernanza territorial
Efectos en la salud debido al cambio climático y la contaminación
Aspectos sanitarios ligados a factores socioeconómicos, tales como: La pobreza, la educación, las estructuras de seguridad social, la digitalización, los sistemas de financiación y el desarrollo de la capacidad humana
Enfermedades tropicales desatendidas, enfermedades infecciosas emergentes, enfermedades no transmisibles, zoonosis y resistencia a los antimicrobianos
Agua, saneamiento e higiene
Challenges
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Enfermedades por vectores o relacionadas con el agua
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Erosión
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Extracción de recursos físicos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Health
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Falta de infraestructura
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Falta de capacidad técnica
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Conflicto social y disturbios civiles
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 16 - Paz, justicia e instituciones sólidas
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Aichi targets
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Marco de Sendai
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 4: Reducir los daños de desastres a la infraestructura crítica y los trastornos a los servicios básicos como las instalaciones educativas y de salud, incluyendo el desarrollo de su resiliencia para 2030.

Ubicación

Wase, Plateau, Nigeria | Bassa, Bokkos, Mangu, Riyom, Shendam, Wase
Mangu, Plateau, Nigeria
Shendam, Plateau, Nigeria
Riyom, Plateau, Nigeria
Bokkos, Plateau, Nigeria
Bassa, Plateau, Nigeria

Challenges

Environmental:

  • Climate change is a major issue, increased competion over water resources for farmers and herders and communities.
  • Increased population and extensive land use has increased pressure on available land resources often leading to violent conflict between farmers and herders.
  • Increased use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers have led to deteroriating land health and reduced yields.

Social:

  • The factors listed above have contributed to long standing, recurrent conflicts between farmers and herders and the deterioration of social and trade relationships. Lost trust in the state and government agencies to address the conflicts leading to wider social gaps.
  • Legal access to land is a challenge in these communities.

Economic:

  • High rates of poverty and unemployment also exist in targeted communities.
  • A lack of awareness of alternative skills and value chains, most of the population engage in subsistence farming, selling primary agricultural products.

Beneficiaries

Our beneficiaries include:

  • Farmers
  • Herders
  • Women in target communities
  • Children affected by trauma
  • Layhelpers
  • Trained Mediators
  • Government agencies like the PPBA
  • Community stakeholders
  • Agricultural cooperatives
  • Local consultants, suppliers and vendors

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

 

The dialogue formats of CPAF and PFIM help the project to identify the priority needs and challenges of the communities as well as offering probable solutions to them. One one hand livelihood projects and connector livelihood-support projects can be identified through these community engagements. On the other hand, the joint trade and exchange activities in the livelihood block offer more avenues for constructive dialogue. Through both tracks, the resilience of participants and communities is supported, so that they are better equipped to deal with conflicts through mediation and peaceful resolution.

Impacts

PEACECORE has reached nearly 20,000 direct beneficiaries. 3,000 farmer and herder households received agricultural or livestock support, including vaccination and animal health programs, and 700 households supported in generating income. 5,300 farmers and herders trained on climate smart agriculture and eco-friendly income generation. Local capacities strengthened in selected conflict- ridden communities through pilot projects to establish organic and niche value chains such as bee-keeping, chili sauce, soil regeneration, fodder, the millet acha (fonio), briquettes, cheese and soya. Over 5 Community Cooperatives have been established through these efforts. 600 individuals pursued additional income opportunities through cash for work and basic vocational trainings to 500 youths provided. 100 mediators trained in community based collaborative dispute resolution. Decentralized dialogue forums established to encourage local contributions to peacebuilding. Through these over 50 disputes over natural resources have been resolved. Additionally, 12 psychologists and 30 lay persons were trained to provide trauma processing referral structures and 66 children received trauma processing assistance.  300 households received counselling support on matters of land rights amongst which approximately 100 households were offered legal counselling.

Story

YARAC

Ancha Community Congo Grass Farm: A Success Story

Ancha Community is in Zobwo Ward of Bassa Local Government Area (LGA) of Plateau State, Nigeria. It is one of the communities in the LGA that experienced violent farmer-herder conflict with loss of many lives and properties in recent years (especially between 2019 and 2022).  

The GIZ-PEACECORE project partnered with Youth Adolescent, Reflection and Action Center (YARAC), a local civil society organisation, to implement peacebuilding and livelihood activities that encouraged peaceful coexistence between farmers and herders in three (3) communities of Bassa LGA which Ancha Community is one of them. The project brought together the conflicting parties (farmers and herders) under one cooperative to carry out farming activities. In 2022/2023, the cooperative, under the guidance and training of YARAC, cultivated Congo grass and Mucuna beans (see video and pictures) as well as maize. The Congo grass and Mucuna beans are of great value to both the farmers and the herders as economic crops that are of great nutritional value to livestock.

Contribuido por

Imagen de guel.akbal_43068

Gül Pembe Akbal Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH