Result based Incentive Payment Approach for better survival of seedlings and creating forest in Lake Chamo Landscape

Alemayehu Asefa
Publicado: 26 Mayo 2021
Última edición: 30 Mayo 2021
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Resumen

Forest landscape restoration (FLR) initiatives underway in Ethiopia focus on rehabilitating degraded communal lands and planting tree seedlings. However, plantations in communal lands have faced challenges, mainly attributed to poor seedling survival rate because of absence of unregulated land use policies and high demand on natural resources.

This solution describes a result-based incentive approach for forest establishment. It has been developed to encourage forest developers to plant and successfully grow economically attractive tree species by creating ownership and improving the post planting management activities.

The forest developers should meet at least some minimum criteria regarding area of land, plantation species composition and survival percentage to be eligible for the incentive.  Introducing and promoting the system in collaboration with the local government partners significantly improves the community’s interest in planting and managing trees and subsequently increases the tree density in the landscape.

Classifications

Región
África Oriente y África del Sur
Escala de aplicación
Local
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas forestales
Tema
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Conocimientos tradicionales
Gestión de tierras
Manejo de bosques
Manejo de cuencas
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Poblaciones indígenas
Prevención de erosión
Restauracion
Seguridad alimentaria
Servicios ecosistémicos
Retos
Sequía
Lluvia errática
Inundaciones
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Cambio estacional
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Falta de infraestructura
Conflicto social y disturbios civiles
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Metas de Aichi
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 6: Gestión sostenible de los recursos vivos acuáticos
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 12: Reducir el riesgo de extinción
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia

Ubicación

Arba Minch, Southern Nations, Ethiopia

Impactos positivos

Incentive for tree planters for successfully growing and managing tree seedlings is a new approach introduced and tested in the Lake Chamo catchment. The strategy is designed to involve local communities in the forest development business and to widen their perspective of tree planting not only as restoration action but also as running business for sustainable income generation, either through individual applications or through organized groups. Accordingly, the approach has encouraged and motivated tree planter farmers to be involved in the system. Changing the trend of post-planting management activities, improved tree planting knowledge and technical skills of tree planters' results the subsequent improvement in seedling survival rates.

Community attitudes have also changed regarding investing their money and time in planting and taking care of the seedlings. The possession of land use rights strengthens social fencing and the protection of planted seedlings. Accordingly, the number of ecologically and economically significant seedlings planted in the landscape has increased.

Moreover, the local administration has been satisfied with the approach in the project pilot sites and they are motivated to scale up to other parts of the regions which will require changes in the administration and financing of the FLR actions from the usual approach. 

Contribuido por

Lea Dammert Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Contribuído por

Gamo Zone environmental protection forest and climate change control office
GIZ Ethiopia
GIZ Ethiopia