Runa Foundation Farming for Biodiversity

Runa Foundation
Publicado: 13 Noviembre 2017
Última edición: 02 Octubre 2020
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Resumen

Building on local knowledge, Runa provides training to indigenous farmers to mitigate the effects of climate change, foster biodiversity, and improve livelihoods by creating new value for forest products and increasing access to markets and economic stability.

Runa supports farmers with capacity-building workshops to create platforms for collective decision-making and management. These initiatives empower local communities to manage their own resources, improve their livelihoods, gain access to credit, restore biodiversity, and protect cultural traditions tied to their agroforestry systems. One example of this is the marketing  of  the leaves of Ilex guayusa (a tree native to the western Amazon) which are consumed for centuries by the indigenous people of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Guayusa is known for its energetic properties due to its high concentration of caffeine and antioxidants.

Classifications

Región
Sudamérica
Escala de aplicación
Local
Nacional
Ecosistema
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Tema
Agricultura
Conocimientos tradicionales
Cultura
Manejo de bosques
Medios de vida sostenibles
Planificación de la gestión de áreas protegidas
Poblaciones indígenas
Servicios ecosistémicos
Challenges
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
ODS 16 - Paz, justicia e instituciones sólidas
Metas de Aichi
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 3: Incentivos reformados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Las áreas protegidas
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 16: Acceso y distribución de los beneficios de los recursos genéticos
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes

Ubicación

Napo, Ecuador

Retos

Traditionally, indigenous farmers in the Amazon have maintained ‘chakra’ agroforestry systems that mimic the forest’s natural composition, providing subsistence crops to families and natural habitats for flora and fauna. 

In search of additional income, farmers are increasingly pressured to abandon the chakra farming method, resorting to conventional production of commercial crops, cattle grazing, and timber extraction. These activities often encroach on protected areas, threatening many species and contributing to deforestation and degradation. From 1990 and 2010 alone Ecuador lost a total of 28.6% of its forest cover.

Additionally, infrastructure development in the region through increased government programs and population growth has led to deforestation and exploitation in previously isolated areas. This has led to forest fragmentation, creating small pockets of biodiversity that limit the movement of fauna and create regions that are more susceptible to human impact. 

Beneficiarios

The beneficiaries of this initiative are indigenous kichwa farmers in the Ecuadorian amazon. Through this initiative, new value is being created for forest products that is environmentally sustainable and will improve livelihoods for local farmers.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Our foundational building blocks of creating sustainable value chains based in local biodiversity (BB 2) and strengthening farmer associations (BB 1) interact with each other to create local capacity for designing strategies that are based in local realities, that protect ecosystems, and that improve livelihoods. When working with local farmer associations to create new value chains, it is essential that the association has the capacity to manage their productive activities and develop into a self-sufficient entity. It is important that all actors see the viability and benefits of the work and feel capable of fulfilling their roles and responsibilities. We work directly with farmers and their leaders to strengthen their organization through workshops, knowledge exchanges, and technical assistance to improve the capacity of the association itself so that they can effectively manage their participation in the value chain. Through these activities and direct collaboration with a variety of local actors, we can create viable value chains based on local knowledge and the demands of international markets.

Impactos positivos

Runa Foundation supports biodiversity and positively impacts the local environment in three principal ways.
1) Creating viable economic opportunities for non-timber forest products and organic agroforestry products increases overall income, reducing the necessity for unsustainable agricultural activities. Our efforts to increase sustainable production in buffer zones leverages impact to reduce encroachment into protected areas.
2)  Runa promotes the production of Ilex guayusa in mixed-use agroforestry systems, which are more biodiverse than conventional agricultural systems. A study investigating diversity and productivity of mixed agroforestry systems found that polycultures improve crop resilience against environmental pressures by increasing ecological diversification and decreasing land degradation through the natural cycling of nutrients and reduced human disturbance. The proliferation of these systems supports the maintenance of local flora and fauna populations, as these systems mimic the natural forest composition.
3) Supplementing our agricultural initiatives, our program works with communities to create integrated landscape plans that include strategies for improved resource management, as well as reforestation and restoration. This program has incorporated over 56,000 hectares into sustainable management plans, with 150 hectares of planned reforestation and restoration.

Historia

Maira Pisango is president of the producer association UCKAR, and lives in the Kichwa community of San Rafael. She has worked with Runa Foundation since 2010, and was elected president of the guayusa producers in her area. She facilitates the management and investment of the Social Premium Fund, generated from the sale of Fair Trade certified guayusa. Her first major accomplishment was to buy farm supplies for the members of her association, and she is currently working to obtain legal standing for her association. As a female leader, Maira is a role model and pioneer in her community. She excels at managing the needs of her constituents, and is also known for her warmth and openness. Becoming a leader has changed her status in the community; she now travels, leads meetings, and relishes in her role as a public figure. “Before [becoming a leader] I stayed in the house, I was scared, I was intimidated to speak in front of a group, to answer questions.” The opportunity to take on a leadership role has transformed many aspects of her life. Maira grew up in a situation common to many rural Kichwa women. As one of 12 children and a girl, her parents were unable to provide for her. Like many women of her generation, she did not advance beyond an 8th grade education by the time she married. But with her husband’s support, she was able to finish high school while raising her first two children. When she expressed interest in becoming a leader, her husband tried to stop her, he didn’t want her to work to interfere with her household responsibilities. However, he changed his mind after seeing how much she gained from her role. She proudly states, “I am now an example to my children.” Her husband works on construction sites, and when he is between jobs, she takes him with her to meetings and trainings.  In previous jobs she mentioned having faced racism and exploitation, as many Kichwa women do. In contrast, her work with Runa has been both professionally and personally fulfilling and has given her access to the professional world which is a rare opportunity for women from rural areas with low levels of education. Maira consistently stresses the importance of education which is the main expenditure of the household. The trainings involved in being a leader have helped her continue her own education and learn valuable skills. Maira is eager to continue working and to help producers gain access to new markets for the sale of their guayusa.

Contribuido por

Raine Donohue Runa Foundation