Sustainable Blue Economy in the Mediterranean region

Union for the Mediterranean
Publicado: 02 Diciembre 2021
Última edición: 02 Diciembre 2021
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The Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) is an intergovernmental organization of 42 countries,  bringing together all countries of the European Union and 15 countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean.It is a unique framework for cooperation and dialogue in the Mediterranean region with a clear mandate to foster regional cooperation and integration with a view to improve stability and social well-being.The objective is to foster regional dialogue and reinforce action around the shared priority areas of blue economy identified through the UfM Ministerial Declarations on Sustainable  Blue Economy adopted by the 42,together with the governance structure set up to manage them and the stable mechanisms for stakeholders ‘involvement (through the Med Blue Economy Platform; regular Stakeholders Conferences and Consultations; etc.)

The 2nd UfM Ministerial Declaration on Sustainable Blue Economy was adopted on the 2nd of February 2021;the 1st was approved in November 2015.


Europa Occidental y del Sur
África del Norte
Scale of implementation
Arrecife rocoso / orilla rocosa
Arrecifes coralinos
Bosques costeros
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas marinos y costeros
Humedales (pantano, turberas)
Mar abierto
Mar abierto
Marisma salina
Montaña submarine / dorsal oceánica
Pradera marina
Actores locales
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Desechos marinos
Energías renovables
Financiación sostenible
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Manejo de incendios e inundaciones
Manejo espacial de la zona marino-costera
Marco legal y normativo
Medios de vida sostenibles
Paz y seguridad humana
Pesca y acuicultura
Servicios ecosistémicos
Lluvia errática
Calor extremo
Incremento de temperatura
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Acidificación de los océanos
Aumento del nivel del mar
Mareas altas (tormentas)
Ciclones tropicales / tifones
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Cosecha insostenible, incluida la sobrepesca
Gestión ineficaz de los recursos financieros
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de capacidad técnica
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 14 - Vida submarina
ODS 17 - Alianzas para lograr los objetivos
Aichi targets
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 6: Gestión sostenible de los recursos vivos acuáticos
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes
Business engagement approach
Compromiso directo con asociaciones
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través de instituciones financieras
Indirecto a través del gobierno


Pere Duran Farell, 11 - 08034 Barcelona | 42 countries of the UfM


  • The impacts of climate change on resources and ecosystems;
  • Marine and atmospheric pollution (from ships and ports, source-to-sea, marine litter including micro and macro plastics, etc.);
  • Population density in coastal areas and pressure from seasonal flows;
  • Unsustainable patterns of economic development (resource-intensive production processes, consumption intensive lifestyles);
  • Overall fostering a sustainable BE, related relevant sectors and cross-cutting enablers (sustainable marine and coastal tourism; promotion of marine research and innovation; blue skills, careers and employment ; MRE; maritime safety and security, etc.);
  • Integration and coordination among sectors and activities consistent with a SBE in the Med (i.e. limited space as a challenge,etc.);
  • Continuing to foster governance and dialogue between UfM member countries for the future of sea basin strategies in the Mediterranean region;
  • Unsustainable fishing practices and food security focusing on fostering wild fish stocks and sustainable aquaculture


  • National, regional and local governments.

  • Enterprises,SMEs, entrepreneurs

  • Associations, NGOs

  • Citizens

  • The 42 UfM member countries as well as institutions and stakeholders involved. 

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The building blocks are part of the same UfM Blue Economy system, so they interact and are actually complementary to each other.


Furthermore, reaching the expected impacts requires joint, concerted and coordinated actions at cross-border level with a very wide geographical coverage of a broad range of stakeholders, ranging from international organisations from the UN system, (UNEP-MAP, FAO, UNIDO, ) regional organisations (CIHEAM,), NGO’s, private sector, IFI’s, to different levels of national administrations –both at policy and implementation level.


Coordination with other connected and relevant existing initiatives (e.g. WestMED; BLUEMED; EUSAIR; InterregMed communities including the Blue Growth and the Tourism ones; ENI CBC projects; PANORAMED; Plastic Busters Initiative; etc ) is ensured and geared precisely to this overall objective, as is the strengthened engagement with financial institutions and bilateral and multilateral donors in the dialogue on investment in the blue economy (ENI CBC Med Programme, Interreg Med Programme, EBRD, EIB, WWF,CPRM, etc.).


The 2nd UfM Ministerial declaration on sustainable Blue Economy ensures continuity in the implementation of the blue economy agenda and portfolio, shaped according to the commitments made by Minister from the 42 UfM countries in 2021. It gives support and impulse to further developments on blue economy in the Euro-Mediterranean región, expanding the number of priorityaáreas to 10.   In terms of mid to long term impacts, the aim is for Blue Economy to become a solid pillar of the Mediterranean regional agenda, thus supporting UFM member countries to:

  • Develop an enabling environment - including institutional, technical and business related and mainstream sustainable blue economy approaches into government policies and strategies;
  • Ensurie a convergence of efforts towards :

a) Relaunching crucial sectors of the economy of the entire area (infrastructure, tourism, fisheries, aquaculture, etc..), promoting  research/innovation within a sustainable approach respectful of the environment and in line with related sustainability targets, and

b) Promoting employment opportunities, with a focus on youth, in targeted sectors, both in terms of new Jobs, skills and careers and adequate training e (requalification, etc. ) as well as in terms of investments and business.


Union for the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean region offers an immense potential for the sustainable, environmentally friendly development of its people. The UfM promotes regional cooperation to protect the Mediterranean Sea and the natural resources of the countries belonging to its area, and supports partnerships inspired by ‘green/blue’ circular economy principles.

Serious environmental threats, including water scarcity, put at risk this potential. Sustainable access, provision and use of water are key concerns. Particularly, the areas along the southern and eastern shores of the region are among the world’s most water-scarce, with more than 150 million people facing water stress as well as water pollution problems. The UfM supports the implementation of regional agendas on Water, Environment and Blue Economy through initiatives such as the H2020 initiative for a Cleaner Mediterranean, with the objective of tackling 80% of pollution sources by 2020.


The UfM has observer status at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

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Blue Economy UfM Union for the Mediterranean