Sustainable Ecological Land Management (SELM)

Publicado: 15 Octubre 2020
Última edición: 06 Febrero 2023
remove_red_eye 2751 Vistas


 This solution focuses on improving small-scale farmers value chain for sustainable watershed management, which leads to improved ecosystems that support livelihood and economic development. It is being implememted in partnership with community-based organisations, WRUAs, schools, and county governments.

It targets 1500 households in two sub-counties that are located within the microcatchment areas of Sasumua and Ndakaini Dam, which are the major water reservoirs for Nairobi City.

Project activities include institutional training and on-site training on sustainable ecologic land management (SELM) practices, and rain water harvesting, which is incorporporating water harvesting technologies such as water pans, for efficent water utlization in crop production. It entails also the protection and restoration of riperian ecosystems/zones. To support awareness raising among furture generations, school children receive practical conservation training through the establishment of mini aboretums.


África Oriente y África del Sur
Scale of implementation
Campos de cultivo
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Río, corriente
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Medios de vida sostenibles
Prevención de erosión
Seguridad alimentaria
Servicios ecosistémicos
Sustainable development goals
ODS 1 - Fin de la pobreza
ODS 2 - Hambre cero
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 6 - Agua limpia y saneamiento
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 16: Acceso y distribución de los beneficios de los recursos genéticos
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Meta 20: Movilización de recursos de todas las fuentes


Muranga County, Central Kenya | Nayandarua County, Central Kenya



  • land degradation
  • riperian ecosystem management
  • deforestation
  • water scarcity
  • forest management
  • catchment protection
  • soil fertility


  • food security
  • education
  • community cohesion
  • talent nurturing
  • sports


  • Poverty eradication
  • generating higher income


  • 92 primary schools in Muranga and Kinangop sub counties
  • 2500 small-holder farmers (men, women, and youth)
  • Agricultural extension officers and forest officers
  • Commnity Based Organizations (CBOs)
  • Community Forst Associations (CFAs)
  • Nairobi city

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

Benefit sharing in management of natural resources can have multiple impacts on conservation and community wellbeing. Increased farm productivity and household wellbeing gives communities dignity and confidence to participate in public activities that include e.g. joining associations to collectively manage resources as a common good.


Mutual trust, knowledge and understanding are the basis for building awareness on the importance of the sustainable use of forest resources. Government is taking lead in not only giving communities forest users rights, but also offering participatory management opportunities. This builds strong relationships that can be leveraged to increase reporting, surveilance, protection and utilization of forest resources.


1. Increased farm productivity

2. Increased farm vegetation/forest cover

3. Reduced siltation into rivers

4. Higher household income

5. Increased food security and nutrition

6. Forest surveilance improved through CFAs engagement

7. Riperian ecosystems restoration enhanced

8. Increased access to knowledge

9. SELM practices has led to heightened land restoration



John lives in Gatanga in Muranga County. The area is home to Ndakaini Dam that supplies Nairobi residents with water. Catchment destruction and perennial droughts had drastically reduced water levels of the dam, and also affected farming practices across the county.


John attended a training organized by SACDEP on sustainable ecologiy land management (SELM) practices, which included surface run off harvesting. This training was conducted prior to the rains. Through this training, John learnt how to construct a water pan and with the help of SACDEP his project was made a reality. This pan allowed John to harvest water when the rains set. With climate change biting hard into farming lands, dry spells deny farmers the opportunity for year-round cultivation. However, John, equipped with the new facility (pan), was bale to continue with his farming activities. Irrigating his land with drip technique enabled a sustainable water use, conservation, and reduced soil erosion.


John' s farm productivity increased because of all-year cultivation, water effiecieny and sustainable farming practices. His household income increased drastically improving his living standards.


With keen eyes of the villagers watching the transformation, John became a self-appointed good will SELM ambassador. 33 farmers within his village, having witnessed the economic progress, joined the programme through John's influence.


These farmers formed a group that underwent training by he SACDEP project officers. With the simple hands-on training they received, these farmers replicated John's technology in their farms. With more farmers signing up, the microcatchment area began to see reduced erosion and land degradation. Riperian enchroachment decreased not to mention increased milk and food supply leading to more nutrition, food variety and increased household income.

Contribuido por

Imagen de daniel.ndegwa_35992

Daniel Ndegwa SACDEP kenya