Wildlife Friendly Patagonian Fiber: Building capacity for sustainability of guanaco use.

Ramiro Ovejero
Publicado: 19 Agosto 2021
Última edición: 30 Junio 2022
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Summary

"Why? We must think on Wildlife "Friendly" Actions (WFA)"

 

The purpose of this solution is to highlight and expand the importance of the sustainable use of guanaco fiber due to the potential of this activity to generate local socio-economic development and become an effective conservation tool reducing the impact of the human footprint. To achieve this, we propose to 1) Promote the sustainable use of wild guanaco populations through demonstrative experiences of live-shearing in La Payunia Reserve; 2) Encourage the generation of a chain that increases the commercial value of the guanaco fiber by linking primary production sectors with the national and international textile sector; 3) Generate WFA certifications that increase the market value of the fiber, and 4) Encourage WFA actions through effective communication strategies giving visibility to the sustainable management of wild guanacos. “We believe in the power of consumers to change the Land-use paradigms”

 

 

 

 

Clasificaciones

Region
Sudamérica
Scale of implementation
Local
Multinacional
Nacional
Ecosystem
Desierto caliente
Desierto frío
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Ecosistemas del desierto
Pastizales templados, sabana, matorral
Theme
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Ciencia y investigación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Conocimientos tradicionales
Especies y la extinción
Financiación sostenible
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Gestión de tierras
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Mantenimiento de infraestructura
Marco legal y normativo
Medios de vida sostenibles
No listado
Restauracion
Servicios ecosistémicos
Standards/ certification
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Conservación genética
Evaluación del estado de las especies
Seguimiento e investigación de especies
Manejo intensivo de especies (in situ o ex situ)
Planificación de la conservación de especies
One Health
Buena gobernanza territorial
Comercio de fauna y flora silvestre y conflictos entre el hombre y la fauna
Challenges
Desertificación
Sequía
Incremento de temperatura
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Fuegos silvestres
Usos conflictivos / impactos acumulativos
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Cacería furtiva
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Cambios en el contexto socio-cultural
Falta de infraestructura
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Falta de capacidad técnica
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 8 - Trabajo decente y crecimiento económico
ODS 9 - Industria, innovacióne e infraestructura
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 13: Protección de la diversidad genética
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Marco de Sendai
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030
Meta 6: Incrementar la cooperación hacia países en desarrollo a través de apoyo adecuado y sustentable a fin de complementar sus acciones
Business engagement approach
Indirecto a través de los consumidores
Indirecto a través de instituciones financieras
Indirecto a través del gobierno
(I)NDC Submission

Ubicación

Mendoza, Argentina | Jujuy, Catamarca, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz
Mostrar en “Planeta protegido”

Challenges

100 years of sheep farming in Patagonia led to human intolerance of guanacos, which combined with illegal hunting, has decimated wildlife populations across protected areas. Our project completed targets in 1)biodiversity conservation, by increasing the abundance and viability to one of the few existing populations that continue to exhibit annual long-distance migrations, recovery their functional role, and change the negative perception by local people for a positive one. 2)Land management, by reducing the process of desertification of arid ecosystem because livestock is poorly managed and stocked at densities beyond the carrying capacity of the range. 3) Social Solution, by building a unique textile center in the region (inside la Payunia), generating local labor, and avoiding the emigration of young people to urban centers.

 

 

Beneficiaries

A community (more than 60 families) self-organized in a cooperative-"Payun Matru". This award will help to create WFA trainers with Coop. members, to consolidate the experience in the region and expand WFA to other provinces (i.e, Chubut, Santa Cruz). 

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The four blocks (B1, B2, B3, B4) must work in a "bottom-up" relationship, the first (and most important) step is to obtain the raw material, the wool. The orange lines are the first steps to complete in B1, the green lines are the steps to complete in B2, the yellow lines are the steps to complete in B3 (we must meet the WFEN requirements of social and ecological sustainability, population viability of the species under management).

Impacts

"Biodiversity conservation and Land management problem"

One of South America’s most vexing and polarizing challenges is how the “best way” to manage public lands established for multiple uses such as natural resource extraction, wildlife, and recreation. In arid Patagonia, more than 95% of the land is privately owned and, for the most part, was converted to sheep farming which led to severe desertification of habitats and the decline of wild species such as guanaco. As livestock husbandry has become less profitable in the last decades, many people are seeking economic alternatives.

"WFA solution impacts on biodiversity conservation and land management" 

A community self-organized in a cooperative ("Payun Matru") of people living around La Payunia reserve has been carrying up live shearing of guanacos to collect their valuable wool. We consider that the use of wild camelids (our wildlife) would have a fundamental role in reducing the process of desertification of arid ecosystems (landscape-protected area solution), providing an economic alternative (added to the high commercial value of the guanaco fiber in the external market) for local producers (social solution) and increasing the profitability of the land. We change Conflict with COEXISTENCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Story

Ramiro Ovejero

"The Conflict"

One of South America’s most vexing and polarizing challenges is how the “best way” to manage public lands established for multiple uses such as natural resource extraction, wildlife, and recreation. In arid Patagonia, more than 95% of the land is privately owned and, for the most part, was converted to sheep farming which led to intolerance of guanaco in these areas, combined with illegal hunting, has decimated populations. Migration by guanacos is an endangered ecological phenomenon that persists in only a few populations (i.e in Payunia).

In rural Patagonia there are still transhumant herders, who travel along traditional routes with their flocks up to 200 km between winter and summer feeding grounds, accompanied by their families and sometimes even the children’s school teacher. Livestock is stocked at densities beyond the carrying capacity of the range, and herds are poorly managed, increasing competitive interactions with wildlife (i.e guanacos), and making livestock more susceptible to diseases that can be passed to native wildlife. This results in poor condition of livestock, decades of overgrazing (of the grasslands of the Patagonian Steppe), and an increasingly drier climate have made it more difficult for herders to survive and for ranchers to stay solvent threatening their livelihoods and culture.

"The Solution"

The local herders need an alternative to make a better living off of fewer goats and sheep. In turn, this will help habitat to recover, and reduce competition and conflict with wildlife. The guanaco is the most widely distributed of the South American Camelids, ranging from Patagonia north through western Argentina to Peru. The Payún wool is produced by the “Payún Matrú” self-organized cooperative of ranchers, many of whom are from families which have been producing goat wool for between 50-100 years on La Payunia, a 6,641 km2 protected area in Northern Patagonia. The distinctive of Payunia is based on its volcanic aspect, its landscapes, its reliefs, logically in relation to the fauna (home to over 25000 guanacos), the unique flora (“La Payunia” phytogeographic district), and the cultural aspects of the area. We are focus on this desirable solution, in order to get the Payun fiber Certification from Wildlife Friendly® association. Herders and ranchers agree to manage their livestock in coexistence with guanacos in a sustainable way. These fine fibers contribute to preserving wildlife habitat, sustainable livelihoods, and a way of life.

Contribuido por

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Ramiro Ovejero Instituto de Ecología Regional (IER) -CONICET-Tucumán

Other contributors

Antonella Panebianco
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.
Pablo Gregorio
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.
Natalia Schroeder
Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de Zonas Áridas-(IADIZA-CONICET-MENDOZA)
Antonella Marozzi
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.
Virginia Rago
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.
Leonardo Leggieri
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.
Pablo Carmanchahi
Grupo de Investigación en Ecofisiología de Fauna Silvestres (GIEFAS) INIBIOMA - CONICET.