Supporting biodiversity at the Olympic and Paralympic Games London 2012

David Stubbs
Publié: 25 novembre 2020
Dernière modification: 27 novembre 2020
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Résumé

Biodiversity was one of five priority sustainability themes of the Olympic and Paralympic Games London 2012. The remediation and construction of the site of the Olympic Park (now known as Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park) provided for the establishment of a large urban habitat patch with 45 hectares of new wildlife habitat in addition to recreational space for visitors. Prior to redevelopment, the park site was heavily impacted by invasive species and pollution from previous industrial use, and provided few social or ecological services. The Biodiversity Action Plan was compiled by the company for the delivery of Olympic Works (Olympic Delivery Authority) to guide park management. The plan outlined joint goals of biodiversity conservation, social well-being and economic welfare, emphasizing the provision of natural habitat and education of park visitors. It included a list of ’species aspirations’, or particular species that the park aimed to support, which facilitated planning to reach specific biodiversity goals.

Classifications

Région
Europe de l’Ouest et du Sud
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Area-wide development
Buildings and facilities
Espaces verts (parcs, jardins, forêt urbaine)
Zone humide urbain
Écosystème urbain
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Aménagement urbain
Atténuation du changement climatique
L'intégration de la biodiversité
Restauration
Services écosystèmiques
Villes et infrastructures
Challenges
Sécheresse
Précipitations erratiques
Chaleurs extrêmes
Hausse des températures
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Perte de l'écosystème
Espèces envahissantes
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Développement d’infrastructure
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 9 - Industrie, innovation et infrastructure
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 9: Espèces exotiques envahissantes évitées et contrôlées
Objectif 11: Aires protégées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes

Emplacement

London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom

Les impacts positifs

Several diverse habitats were restored in the Olympic Park, including grassland, scrubland and wet woodland. The Park was positioned to enhance regional connectivity along the Lee River Valley by extending a chain of existing green spaces from the Lee Valley Regional Park toward the River Thames. Corridors throughout the park maintain connectivity for wildlife around recreational facilities and development. The native wildflower meadows in the Olympic Park during the Games inspired further naturalistic wildlife-supporting features in the legacy phase of development, and the use of temporary infrastructure during the Games left space for additional features afterwards. Monitoring has recorded six highly protected bird species and 91 nationally scarce invertebrate species, as well as 7 different bat species and 20 butterfly species. As part of species-specific goals, the Park included special resources, such as bird and bat boxes, amphibian ponds, dead logs for beetles, kingfisher and sand martin nesting banks, and artificial otter holts. While biodiversity provision in the Olympic Park was part of a large-scale revitalisation project, individual elements, such as siting and designing venues to maintain regional connectivity, use of native plants to attract attention to biodiversity, and addition of special resources, could also be applied in smaller-scale projects.

Contribué par

Amelie Claessens International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Soumise par

Giulia Carbone
IUCN
Eric Ndayishimiye
San Francisco Estuary Institute
Robin Grossinger
San Francisco Estuary Institute
Megan Wheeler
San Francisco Estuary Institute
Erica Spotswood
San Francisco Estuary Institute
Russell Galt
IUCN