An Analysis Framework to enable biodiversity projects to take a One Health approach

Micol Fascendini and Madelon Rusman
Publié: 02 janvier 2023
Dernière modification: 02 janvier 2023
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Résumé

The Biodiversity Working Group from GIZ’s Sector Network of Rural Development and Natural Resources Asia-Pacific (SNRD-AP) commissioned a study to explore the biodiversity-health nexus in the region. Literature review and informant interviews allowed understanding the impact of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation on human and animal health and gave insight into the value of collaboration at the nexus. The leading discourse has neglected the environmental pillar of One Health (OH) for long, with little attention given to biodiversity in classic OH actions addressing emerging infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance.  The biodiversity-health nexus is essential for pandemic prevention. It is thus urgent to explore how One Health could be integrated into biodiversity and, vice versa, how biodiversity could be integrated into One Health to make pandemic prevention more effective. This study focuses on developing an innovative tool to guide better integration of One Health into biodiversity conservation.

Classifications

Région
Asie du Sud
Asie du Sud-Est
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Local
Mondial
Multinational
National
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Forêt de feuillus tropicaux
Piscine, lac, étang
Terres cultivées
Zones humide (marécage, marais, tourbière)
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Atténuation du changement climatique
Braconnage et la criminalité environnementale
Cadre juridique et politique
Connectivité / conservation transfrontières
Distribution d'eau et gestion des ressources en eau
Espèces exotiques envahissantes
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion de feu
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion des espaces côtiers et marins
Gestion des espèces
Gestion des inondations et des incendies
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion des terres
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration de la biodiversité
Moyens d'existence durables
One Health
Planification spatiale terrestre
Prévention de l'érosion
Pêche et aquaculture
Restauration
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
Santé et bien-être humain
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Standards/ certification
Sécurité alimentaire
Tourisme
World Heritage
Conservation des espèces et interventions axées sur l’approche « Une seule santé »
Évaluation du statut de l'espèce
Surveillance de la santé de la faune (pour capturer la biodiversité, la santé, les maladies et la surveillance des agents pathogènes)
Surveillance des espèces et recherche
Gestion/élimination des espèces envahissantes
Gestion intensive des espèces (in situ ou ex situ)
Espèce Maladie Systèmes d'alerte précoce
Translocations pour la conservation des espèces
Planification de la conservation des espèces
Communication des risques, engagement communautaire et changement de comportement
Évaluation des risques
Mécanisme de coordination One Health
Une seule santé
Lien entre la biodiversité et la santé
Bonne gouvernance des paysages
Commerce des animaux sauvages et conflits homme-animaux sauvages
Défis
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Perte de l'écosystème
Braconnage
Health
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance

Emplacement

Vientiane, Laos | Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India

Défis

Loss of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems is caused by several factors, such as ecosystem degradation due to land use changes, climate change, extractive industries and exploitation of forest products, wildlife trade and consumption. These drivers reduce the physical distance between humans, their domestic animals, and wildlife populations, increasing the risk of spillover of zoonotic pathogens from animals to humans. Southeast Asia is a biodiversity hotspot and one of the fastest developing regions in the world. Environmental degradation makes the region a risk area for the spread of zoonotic diseases. The value of One Health in tackling these issues is well-recognised. However, there is no clear path for biodiversity projects on how to recognize contributions to health outcomes and integrate One Health in their work. The Analysis Framework offers projects a uniform assessment tool to discover strengths and potentials and analyse where and how multisectoral OH collaborations can be initiated.

Bénéficiaires

The beneficiaries of the framework are the teams of the biodiversity-related projects within the SNRD-AP Biodiversity Working Group. On a larger scale, the tool will benefit partners and stakeholders who will learn how to integrate One Health in their work.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The building blocks interact with each other to allow exploring the biodiversity-health nexus in biodiversity conservation projects and identifying where and how multisectoral One Health collaborations can be initiated. Forming a multidisciplinary review team is the first step of the process. The team will be tasked with the responsibility of quickly scanning the project using the Analysis Framework purposely developed and here described as Solution for the integration of One Health in biodiversity. This will allow identifying the gate entries that have the potential to link with the OH approach and leveraging already implemented measures to effectively operationalise it. The next step requires the exploration of enabling conditions that can influence the real actualisation of the identified OH intervention. Finally, the review team will guide a multisectoral and transdisciplinary discussion on the integration of One Health in the project, by engaging all project owners (institutional and development partners) and all actors affected by the intervention (policy makers, local communities and service providers).

Impacts

The Analysis Framework was developed to assist the SNRD-AP Biodiversity Working Group to implement the OH approach within biodiversity-related projects in the Southeast Asia region. The framework allows assessing if the project has a sufficient base for One Health and already applies key OH principles. It enables the identification of potential gate entries, where a OH element can be integrated, and assesses the measures that could allow building a OH element into the project. Through the application of the framework, owners and stakeholders are guided in the revision of the project adopting the OH lens, identifying new opportunities to work across disciplines and engaging with new actors. The framework should be considered a starting point for the transformative process of adding One Health into biodiversity. A radical shift in thinking is required to break down the process of implementing the OH approach into manageable and feasible measurements that are context- and project-specific. By doing so, small-scale actions and successes will likely increase trust in the process and pave the way for a broader integration of One Health within the conservation community. The Analysis Framework was tested on six projects to verify its validity. Tthe Biodiversity-One Health Taskforce of the SNRD-AP Biodiversity Working Group was trained on the step-by-step process to ensure its application on a wider scale.

Contribué par

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Micol Fascendini Consultant to GIZ

Autres contributeurs

Consultant to GIZ
Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)