Examine gaps and One Health opportunities in wildlife and zoonotic disease risk management in China

EcoHealth Alliance
Publié: 03 octobre 2022
Dernière modification: 03 octobre 2022
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Résumé

Addressing the public health, food production, and conservation aspects of wildlife epidemics and zoonotic disease threats requires actions from multiple sectors across the different interfaces where wildlife, domestic animal, and human contact may occur. To better understand the role of different agencies in wildlife and zoonotic disease management in China, a stakeholder mapping and policy review was undertaken. This work reviewed the current laws and regulations, government reports and policy documents, and existing literature on zoonotic disease preparedness and prevention across the forestry, agriculture, and public health authorities in China, to articulate the current landscape of potential risks, existing mandates, and gaps. A key finding was that responsibilities for zoonotic disease management are currently fragmented across agencies.

Classifications

Région
Asie de l'Est
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
National
Ecosystème
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Forêt de feuillus tempéré
Forêt de feuillus tropicaux
Forêt sempervirente tempéré
Taïga
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Agriculture
Cadre juridique et politique
Gestion des ressources forestières
One Health
Pêche et aquaculture
Transport
Conservation des espèces et interventions axées sur l’approche « Une seule santé »
Surveillance de la santé de la faune (pour capturer la biodiversité, la santé, les maladies et la surveillance des agents pathogènes)
Espèce Maladie Systèmes d'alerte précoce
Évaluation des risques
Mécanisme de coordination One Health
Une seule santé
Santé animale
Commerce des animaux sauvages et conflits homme-animaux sauvages
Défis
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi

Emplacement

People's Republic of China

Impacts

This review indicates that there are existing scopes and operations in China for wild animal management and zoonotic disease risk monitoring. However, the coverage of diseases or pathogens with zoonotic risk, as well as the management of potential wild animal hosts to prevent disease emergence, are limited in the current system. Proactive screening of zoonotic diseases or emerging pathogens with zoonotic potential in wild animal populations is often overlooked by the system; instead, it relies heavily on the research community which would require additional mechanisms for integration into government monitoring and policy. The gaps in the completeness of mandates and enforcement of wild animal management in the at-risk scenarios of wild animal utilization remain a concern for emerging zoonotic disease prevention and preparedness. The lack of a cohesive strategy has resulted in data gaps that make it challenging to precisely identify the practices and aspects of disease risks in the wildlife animal trade value chains. The identified gaps provide a basis for authorities to review their mandates and systems and contribute to an overall national strategy to advance One Health collaboration across government and non-government stakeholders to optimize monitoring and surveillance, risk management, and emergency responses to known and novel zoonotic threats, and support COVID-19 recovery efforts.

Contribué par

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Hongying Li EcoHealth Alliance