Sustainable Natural Resource Management under Climate Aspects in Indigenous Territories in La Mosquitia’

GIZ
Publié: 22 février 2023
Dernière modification: 22 février 2023
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Résumé

The project ‘Sustainable Natural Resource Management under Climate Aspects in Indigenous Territories in La Mosquitia’, runs until 2023, aiming to achieve sustainable and climate-adapted use of the province’s natural resources. It focuses on strengthening governance structures to encourage the local population to participate in planning. 

 

The case of Honduras / La Mosquitia illustrates the importance of integrating justice issues into the project during the early stages of planning. Integrating these issues into governance structures and processes in the project area is essential, although project management must also consider them. The strategic entry points for anchoring justice issues include the project concept, steering structure, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system, and staff concept. Integrating the various dimensions of justice – recognition, procedural and distributive through these entry points is a key prerequisite for justice to be considered in project implementation.

Classifications

Région
Amérique centrale
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Local
Ecosystème
Agroforesterie
Forêt de conifères tropicaux
Forêt de feuillus tropicaux
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Agriculture
Connaissances traditionnelles
Culture
Gestion des ressources forestières
Gestion des terres
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Indigènes
L'intégration du genre
Moyens d'existence durables
Services écosystèmiques
Sécurité alimentaire
Défis
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de l'écosystème
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 5 - Égalité entre les sexes
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 10 - Inégalités réduites
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 16 - Paix, justice et institutions efficaces
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles

Emplacement

La Mosquitia, South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region, Nicaragua

Défis

Mosquitia encompasses the 12 Indigenous territories of the Miskitu, with about 100,000 inhabitants. More than half of rural families live in extreme poverty, and 85% of households suffer from food shortages. Women and children suffer particularly from the effects of poverty.

 

The forests of Mosquitia are endangered by illegal deforestation resulting from the unregulated influx of non-Indigenous cattle producers and a lack of state strategies and support mechanisms for the sustainable use of natural resources. Additionally, the indigenous territorial councils in Honduras can barely exercise stewardship over their own land. 

 

Moreover, climate change threatens the livelihoods of the local population as droughts, floods, forest fires, and storms become more frequent, putting pressure on agriculture and leading to crop losses. Recurring damage and rapidly changing climate conditions exceed the adaptation capacities of the local population.

 

Bénéficiaires

25 indigenous communities located in 5 out of 12 Indigenous Territories, a population of about 12.500 inhabitants are currently benefitting directly from the project. 

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The building blocks highlight the importance of a justice-based approach for successful project implementation. In addition, the involvement of the local population from the beginning, both in planning and implementing ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) through agroecological approaches, was vital in providing the stakeholders with a strong sense of project ownership and political recognition of its participatory approach. The philosophy of project staff to serve more as process moderator between key stakeholders than as technical implementer of actions served to participate a wide variety of actors which focused their individual interests on the solution of common problems, in this case EbA. This led to positive side effects, as can be seen by the community “multipliers” who give their communities a kind of technical assistance already without project intervention.

Impacts

By applying the FPIC approach in its work and relying on permanent on-site support from technical consultants on the Miskitu culture, the project has managed to anchor the planned development efforts in local communities and to build a sense of project ownership amongst them. By applying methods for participation and non-violent conflict resolution, particularly with respect to land-tenure issues, the project has helped settle border disputes between neighbouring territorial units and pacify different currents within the umbrella organisation MASTA of the Miskitu. This facilitated in getting central state actors and Indigenous administrations to work together to solve problems and conflicts (e.g., concerning sustainable forest management plans). As a result, these groups now have a better mutual understanding of one another’s situations, and conflict-resolution mechanisms have improved. Representatives of Indigenous communities highly appreciate the participatory and inclusive character of project planning and implementation, which the project’s directive committee also recognises as exemplary at the national level. As a consequence, the project now serves as a blueprint for the interventions of organisations such as the Department of Indigenous and Afro-Honduran Peoples of Honduras.

Histoire

In the community of Dakratara, Mosquitia, Honduras lives Luz Bosen, a woman committed to growing plants and vegetables to meet her family's food needs and to set an example for here community. Before Pana Pana project was present in Dakratara, people used to plant basic crops (rice, beans, cassava, banana) on the riverplains, distant from the community. The knowledge of the population about crops was little, reason that made it easy for plant diseases and pest. The result was long ways and low crop yield, among others.

 

Pana Pana in action

The Pana Pana project of the German Development Cooperation (GIZ) has developed in La Mosquitia a practice that consists of a training process through the methodology of Field Schools, aimed at improving production systems with the incorporation of diversified foods and good agricultural practices from the rescue of knowledge and traditional techniques. Pana Pana established the cultivation of several crops in an ordered form and distance on the same field, raising furrows or piles to defend the seeds against inundation or drought. As fields and gardens are brought near to homes, it was necessary to teach the elaboration of organic fertilizers and pesticides in order to improve the soil. Diversification of plant species helps in this respect, but also to improve nutrition.

Luz, as community leader, now teaches here neighbors, how to diversify their diet, carry out their work close to home and harvest their own food. Luz has become a woman of reference in this community for her leadership and her diversified family garden, just as she is a reverence for an example of what women can achieve.

 

Contribué par

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Harald Mossbrucker Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH