Using the IMET to identify priorities for management in two protected areas in Boa Vista, Cabo Verde

Fundação Tartaruga
Publié: 09 septembre 2022
Dernière modification: 01 mai 2023
remove_red_eye 1913 Vues


Cape Verde is an archipelago (4,030 km²) in the Atlantic Ocean 570 km west of Africa. It is recognized as a hotspot for marine biodiversity and has established 47 protected areas with the majority being designated in 2003. The process of evaluating the management of Reserva Natural das Tartarugas (RNT) and Parque Natural do Norte (PNN), located in Boa Vista island, with the Integrated Management Effectiveness Tool (IMET) in October 2021 offered key stakeholders a much greater understanding of management challenges. It provoked everyone to ask questions and broaden the knowledge available to all stakeholders regarding the stengths and weaknesses of both PAs. We were able to identify priority areas as a group and for each individual stakeholders. We identified that the PAs lack financial and personnel resources and also a lack of data regarding biodiversity and climate change monitoring. Fundação Tartaruga initiated this training in partnership with the local environmental ministry (MAA-BV) and it was funded by BIOPAMA.


Afrique occidentale et centrale
Ampleur de la mise en œuvre
Désert côtier
La mer ouverte
Prairie tempérée, savane, maquis
Récif corallien
Récif rocailleux / Rive rocailleux
Terres cultivées
Écosystème agricole
Écosystèmes de désert
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Écosystémes des prairies
Acteurs locaux
Braconnage et la criminalité environnementale
Déchets marins
Financement durable
Gestion des espaces côtiers et marins
Gestion des espèces
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Moyens d'existence durables
Science et recherche
Services écosystèmiques
Conservation des espèces et interventions axées sur l’approche « Une seule santé »
Évaluation du statut de l'espèce
Surveillance de la santé de la faune (pour capturer la biodiversité, la santé, les maladies et la surveillance des agents pathogènes)
Surveillance des espèces et recherche
Planification de la conservation des espèces
Précipitations erratiques
Hausse des températures
Perte de biodiversité
Acidification des océans
Montée du niveau des mers
Ondes de tempêtes
Cyclones tropicaux / typhons
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Perte de l'écosystème
Espèces envahissantes
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Gestion inefficace des ressources financières
Développement d’infrastructure
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Extraction de ressources matérielles
Changements dans le contexte socio-culturel
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Manque d'infrastructures
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Manque de capacités techniques
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Mauvaise gouvernance et participation
Chômage / pauvreté
Objectifs de développement durable
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
ODD 17 - Partenariats pour la réalisation des objectifs
Objectifs d’Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 9: Espèces exotiques envahissantes évitées et contrôlées
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 12: Réduction du risque d'extinction
Objectif 13: Sauvegarde de la diversité génétique
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 17: Stratégies de la biodiversité et des plans d'action
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Objectif 20: Mobiliser toutes les ressources disponibles


Curral Velho, Boa Vista, Cape Verde | Reserva Natural das Tartarugas (Curral Velho), Parque Natural do Norte (João Galego)
João Galego, Boa Vista, Cape Verde
Afficher sur Planète protégée


Cabo Verde has officially established 47 protected areas (PAs). However, the country lacks readily available data in terms of their PAs. Only 7 are registered on the World Database of Protected Areas. There is also a lack of climate, habitat, species, biodiversity and ecoregion information or misclassification.


In both sites, main threats are centrered around human-wildlife conflict including poaching and habitat degradation, marine pollution, unregulated tourist activities. The management plan and action plan for the PAs in Boa Vista are not aligned, nor are they site-specific meaning that a lot of the management objectives are not applicable to these PAs.


  • Local and national government, municipality, law enforcement agents, NGOs, Port & Maritime Institute, local communities, tour operators & tourists.
  • Endemic, endangered & data deficient species.
  • Nesting loggerhead turtles.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

All of the building blocks are necessary to make this process effective. Identifying the right stakeholders was essential, but it is clear that everyone needed to be capacited in the IMET, to be fully engaged in the process and understand the assessment results. The building block #3 - the identification of sources of data is critical as one of the main challenges of these two parks are the lack of baseline information. However, this baseline information is not available without the stakeholders (#1) and without the training of how to identify the data (#2). The interpretation of results (#4) allows us to disseminate the information gathered during the evaluation and provides the foundation for future action.


  • Completion of management effectiveness evaluations on two PAs in Cabo Verde.
  • Alignment of management priorities with the specificities of the two protected areas.
  • Communication between all stakeholders has improved.
  • Detailed and passionate discussions evoking empathy from various stakeholders.

There is a vast knowledge gap relating to the habitats, species, ecosystems and resources that can be found, their abundance, distribution and specifically species population trends.  The IMET results highlighted this lack of information and as stakeholders in the PAs, we all now know that we need to focus research efforts on collecting data. First we need to collect baseline data for the species and habitats and then continue a monitoring program to unsderstand the health of these ecosystems.


With the results of this project it is easier to apply for focused funding with justification and evidence. We are specifically applying for the BIOPAMA Medium Grant to implement the necessary changes we identified.


Fundação Tartaruga

The person responsible for the management of the protected areas in Boa Vista: Ivone Monteiro Delgado really benefitted from the IMET evaluation as it enabled her to:

  • Identify the threats and pressures within the PAs and evaluate their impacts and trends
  • Identify measures and actions for more favourable results 
  • Identify weaknesses of the internal structure of the governance most importantly thelack of resources including people and materials
  • Difficult to find funding due to reliance on the government and so without the NGOs on Boa Vista it would be almost impossible to implement the action plan of the PAs
  • Identify that it is necessary to update the current management plan.

She would like to repeat this process on the other PAs she is responsible for in Boa Vista and also repeat the evaluation in 2023 after the implementation of further projects targetting the priority measures identified during the IMET.

Contribué par

Portrait de yeoman_41900

Kathryn Yeoman Fundação Tartaruga

Autres contributeurs