"Wildlife-friendly Community: Model for Human-wildlife Conflict Resolution"

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Publié: 30 juillet 2021
Dernière modification: 19 octobre 2021
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Résumé

Human-wildlife conflicts in the buffer zone of Huai Kha Khaeng Willdife Sanctuary were on a rise both in numbers and in terms of more intense retaliation when wild animals damage the cash crops. It had jeopardized community livelihoods and also threatened the last stronghold of Banteng which is an indicator for tiger's existence. With support of small grant from UNDP, the pioneer community members formed as Wildlife-friendly Community (WFC), adopted the alternative income generation that replaces the encroached farm land with mono-cropping, with higher productive organic farming. Then, turning the encroached area back to wildlife habitat with development of wildlife food plots, maintained and guarded by community members. The wildlife appearance makes the community-based wildlife tourism feasible. Marketing after the first crops of organic vegetables is expanding. Comparison of higher benefits from the less farmland but higher productivity ensures the confidence and increasing number of the WFC members.

Classifications

Région
Asie du Sud-Est
Échelle de la mise en œuvre
Intranational
Ecosystème
Forêt de feuillus tropicaux
Écosystèmes forestiers
Thème
Accès et partage des avantages
Acteurs locaux
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
L'intégration de la biodiversité
Moyens d'existence durables
Paix et sécurité humaine
Santé et bien-être humain
Sécurité alimentaire
Défis
Dégradation des terres et des forêts
Perte de biodiversité
Perte de l'écosystème
Manque d'autres possibilités de revenu
Manque de sécurité alimentaire
Objectifs de Développement Durable
ODD 1 - Pas de pauvreté
ODD 3 - Bonne santé et bien-être
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 15 - Vie terrestre
Obectifs d'Aichi
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 4: Production et consommation durables
Objectif 5: Perte d'habitat réduite de moitié ou diminuée
Objectif 7: Agriculture, aquaculture et sylviculture durable
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 12: Réduction du risque d'extinction
Objectif 17: Stratégies de la biodiversité et des plans d'action
Approches pour l’engagement des entreprises
Indirect par le biais des consommateurs
Indirect à travers des gouvernements

Emplacement

Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Lan Sak, Uthai Thani 61160, Thailand

Défis

Environmental challenge: Biodiversity deterioration of the World Heritage Site which is the last stronghold of Tiger and it preys in Southeast Asia.

 

Social challenge: Unhealthy livelihoods and conflicts between park officials and encroached communities.

 

Economic challenge: Debt cycle from the contracted mono cropping with intensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. 

Bénéficiaires

Led by the Wildlife-friendly Community Network, communities in 29 villages along the buffer zone of Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary will benefit from the replication and dissemination of good practices.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

The Agro-tourism guided by the story teller on the evolution of the wildlife-friendly community while the guests enjoy picking farm products and taste the authentic food, followed by a fantastic scenic view over the wildlife observatory. This combination is what people are longing to experience after the spread and lockdown of COVID. Nature appreciation and healthy lifestyle help connect the two blocks seemlessly.

Les impacts positifs

The withdrawal from the encroached area which used to be the native wildlife habitat, has directly benefitted the abundant wildlife which has been able to return back to their homeland. The communities, despite of the reduced size of farming, have witnessed the increasing income from the alternative organic agriculture where the productivity increase surpassed the benefit of enlarging farmland of the wildlife habitat accord. Less encountering between human and wildlife, the enemies become the community’s assets when the wildlife appearance provides a fundamental element for the wildlife tourism. This alternative income generation enhances the gradual land use change in the buffer zone of the World Heritage Site, from intensively chemical monocropping into a sustainable land use and healthy livelihoods.

Histoire

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We came from different places but all struggling for a sufficient and sustainable living. Uncle Go came here with a dog and his wife and in confidence for a new living. He gave up fighting with the wild animals and cycle of debts. This young man wants to challenge his mother in law on the new farming pratice that nobody will get sick with. The harvest leftover goes to the wildlife feeding station. Here, it will be our Home. Where human and wildlife can co-exist.

Contribué par

Portrait de phanwini_40496

Phansiri Winichagoon United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Soumise par