World Surfing Reserves

Jesus Salazar
Publié: 27 avril 2021
Dernière modification: 27 avril 2021
remove_red_eye 2325 Vues


A surf ecosystem is more than a wave: it’s the geophysical components, the plants and animals, and the human interactions that make a place special. Protecting surf ecosystems in turn protects marine habitats, maintains the integrity of the wave, and safeguards local livelihoods.

World Surfing Reserves (WSR) act as a model for preserving wave breaks and their surrounding areas by recognizing and protecting key environmental, cultural and economic attributes in coastal communities.


WSRs represent a global network of designated surfing reserves that are managed, implemented, and protected by local communities.  Every year, one new World Surfing Reserve is selected from a competitive pool of applicants by an independent council.


The Bahía de Todos Santos World Surfing Reserve was designated in 2014 and have implemented multiple projects protecting the ecosystems and waves in the region and is an excellent example of how the World Surfing Reserve can protect the coastline.


Amérique du Nord
Scale of implementation
Connective infrastructure, networks and corridors
Espaces verts (parcs, jardins, forêt urbaine)
Forêt côtière
Herbiers marins
Marais salant
Récif corallien
Zone humide urbain
Zones humide (marécage, marais, tourbière)
Écosystème urbain
Écosystèmes d'eau douce
Écosystèmes marins et côtiers
Acteurs locaux
Adaptation au changement climatique
Atténuation du changement climatique
Cadre juridique et politique
Connaissances traditionnelles
Déchets marins
Fragmentation et la dégradtion de l'habitat
Gestion des bassins versants
Gestion des déchets
Gestion des espaces côtiers et marins
Gestion et Planification des Aires protégées et conservées
Gouvernance des Aires protégées et conservées
Moyens d'existence durables
Prévention de l'érosion
Science et recherche
Sensibilisation et communications
Services écosystèmiques
Standards/ certification
Traitment des eaux usées
World Heritage
Perte de biodiversité
Acidification des océans
Montée du niveau des mers
Décalage des saisons
Ondes de tempêtes
Utilisations conflictuelles / impacts cumulatifs
Perte de l'écosystème
Pollution (y compris eutrophisation et déchets)
Récolte non durable, y compris la surpêche
Développement d’infrastructure
Manque d'accès au financement à long terme
Manque de sensibilisation du public et des décideurs
Mauvaise surveillance et application de la loi
Sustainable development goals
ODD 8 - Travail décent er croissance économique
ODD 11 - Villes et communautés durables
ODD 12 - Consommation et production responsables
ODD 13 - Mesures relatives à la lutte contre les changements climatiques
ODD 14 - Vie aquatique
Aichi targets
Objectif 1: Sensibilisation accrue de la biodiversité
Objectif 2: Valeurs de la biodiversité intégrées
Objectif 6: Gestion durable des ressources vivantes aquatiques
Objectif 8: Pollution réduite
Objectif 10: Ecosystèmes vulnérables au changement climatique
Objectif 11: Aires protégées et conservées
Objectif 14: Services des écosystèmes
Objectif 15: Restauration et la résilience des écosystèmes
Objectif 17: Stratégies de la biodiversité et des plans d'action
Objectif 18: Connaissances traditionnelles
Objectif 19: Partage de l'information et de la connaissance
Business engagement approach
Engagement direct avec des associations


El Sauzal De Rodríguez, Baja California, Mexico | USA, Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, Portugal, Australia


The challenges to implementing the World Surfing Reserve and the associated Local Stewardship Plan include long-term funding sources, local capacity, local politics, and the scale of the threats facing the ecosystem.


The beneficiaries include the community of Bahia de Todos Santos and Ensenada, businesses, tourists, surfers, the natural environment, endangered and threatened species, and the surf economy.

Comment les blocs constitutifs interagissent-ils entre eux dans la solution?

Each building block is essential to the entire project.  It all starts with the Application and Selection Process which selects which region is best equipped to function and implement the tenets of the World Surfing Reserve program.  Throughout the application process, a strong relationship is built between Save The Waves and the local community stakeholders and together the Coalition Building takes shape as alliances are built within the community and with the staff of Save The Waves Coalition.  As the coalition is built, the necessary relationships and identified goals are in place to develop the Stewardship Planning Process as well as to pursue other projects which enhance the character of the World Surfing Reserve such as Surfonomics.  The Surfonomics project and Stewardship Plan form a solid foundation of evidence and management scheme so the World Surfing Reserve can pursue their conservation projects and initiatives.


The impacts the World Surfing Reserves program are numerous including the protection of world class waves, the revitilization of the local economy from surf tourism, improvements in water quality and the impacts of plastic pollution, and the protection of the flora and fauna that exist in the reserve.


Bahia de Todos Santos World Surfing Reserve has protected the last intact watershed in the region, helped reduce single-use plastics on the coast, protected surf spots from industrial development and pollution, and ensured beach access for local surfers and visitors among many other accomplishments.


On June 5th, World Environment Day 2018, Jorge Emilio Martinez, a member of the Ensenada City Council, presented a proposal to eliminate the use of plastic bags and disposable utensils in commercial establishments in every town of the municipality of Ensenada. In addition to the Bahia de Todos Santos World Surfing Reserve’s support, this project gathered 100,000 signatures and had the backing of the UN Environment Mexico and several civil society organizations such as Pronatura Noroeste, Terra Peninsular, Pro Esteros,  and Manos al Mar.


On June 17th, the Ensenada City Council approved this historic measure which was implemented January 1st, 2019. With the tireless efforts of members of the Bahia de Todos Santos World Surfing Reserve, the coastline and ocean are looking towards a future free from plastic pollution.

Contribué par

Portrait de trent_39955

Trent Hodges Save The Waves Coalition

Other contributors