AI-based visitor safety management system of Korean National Parks

KNPS
Published: 29 September 2022
Last edited: 29 September 2022
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Summary

“Are there any innovative solutions for national park visitors to meet nature without any risk of danger?” The long-standing concerns of Korean park rangers have begun to achieve great results by establishing an AI-based visitor safety management system using the latest technology. This system automatically monitors and analyzes the potential safety hazard areas in national parks 24 hours a day by combining measuring equipment such as CCTV, crack gauge, and artificial intelligence. When signs of danger are identified, an alarm is sent to the site where visitors are staying and the control center in the national park office for follow-up and to prevent the risks in advance. 89 intelligent CCTVs have been installed in 15 national parks since 2020, and 525 automatic and manual crack gauges have been operated in 174 potential rockfall hazard areas of 21 national parks since 2013.

Classifications

Region
East Asia
Scale of implementation
National
Ecosystem
Forest ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems
Marine and coastal ecosystems
River, stream
Salt marsh
Temperate deciduous forest
Theme
Forest Management
Infrastructure maintenance
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Science and research
Tourism
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Sustainable urban infrastructure and services
Territorial and spatial development
Challenges
Avalanche/landslide
Erratic rainfall
Extreme heat
Floods
Storm surges
Tsunami/tidal wave
Sustainable development goals
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 9 – Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Aichi targets
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 11: Protected and conserved areas
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 19: Sharing information and knowledge
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with a company

Location

Bukhansan National Park, 성북구 보국문로 262, Gangbuk-gu, Seoul 01002, South Korea
Seoraksan National Park, 설악동, Sokcho-si, Gangwon-do 24903, South Korea
Jirisan National Park, 마천면 삼정리, Hamyang-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do 50057, South Korea
속리산, Boeun-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do 28908, South Korea
월악산국립공원, 한수면 송계리, Jecheon-si, Chungcheongbuk-do 27226, South Korea
치악산 국립공원, 소초면, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do 26304, South Korea
Deogyusan National Park, 설천면 구천동1로 159, Muju-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55557, South Korea
오대산국립공원, 진부면 오대산로 2, Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon-do 25318, South Korea
소백산 국립공원, Yeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do 36018, South Korea
Gyeryongsan National Park, 반포면 동학사1로 327-6, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do 32626, South Korea

Challenges

1. It was difficult to select the optimal location where the equipment are operated. For this, spatial analysis of visitor accidents that happened in the past were used, and skilled park rangers and experts did field surveys to find the best place to operate the equipment.

2. Deep learning technology that used intelligent CCTV rarely misrecognized animals as humans. These technical problems will be resolved once the algorithm is improved and sufficient volume learning is done.

3. As there was no commercial crack gauge suitable for the national park rockfall accidents, KNPS researchers worked together to improve the device that suits the Korean national park environment, and it was obtained a patent.

Beneficiaries

About 45 million visitors annually visit national parks in Korea, and all of them are potential beneficiaries. The burden on the operation of monitoring staff has also been greatly reduced.

How do the building blocks interact?

All the information and data related to visitor safety produced in national parks are collected and managed in an Integrated Disaster Prevention System. As AI-based Intelligent CCTV and AI-based crack gauge are part of the whole system, they are compatible with each other and monitored together, further solidifying the safety management of Korean national parks.

Impacts

In the past, park rangers in the control center monitored all the signals on the screen to identify danger. However, since the AI-based intelligent devices were introduced, it detects abnormal signals 24 hours a day and automatically send an alarm to the site and the control center, which is a great help for park rangers to respond to emergencies even in the absence of monitoring staff.

Since the introduction of the devices, there have been no casualties due to water play or rockfalls in Korean national parks. Korean National Park Service (KNPS) was awarded the 2020 Prime Minister's Commendation for water safety for these achievements. It is expected that the operation level of the AI-based visitor safety management systems will be improved significantly as data for deep learning is accumulated.

Story

tving

When the emergency alarm ring in the control center, the people who arrive at the site before the 119 are the national park rescue teams. They mobilize several times a day to save someone before they die, and they are willing to go out to protect the visitors even in harsh weather or in situations where their lives are at risk. Many people were inspired to see them navigating through the wild nature, and in 2021, the drama 'Jirisan' with the motif of the national park rescue team was aired - Jirisan is the first national park in Korea and listed on IUCN Green List. In the drama, top Korean actors such as Jeon Ji-Hyeon, Ju Ji-hoon, and Seong Dong-il performed the daily life of the national park rescue team, and the beautiful natural scenery became the backdrop for the drama. In the middle of the drama, various safety management systems used by the Korea National Park Service (KNPS) were also introduced, adding to the fun of watching.

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Korea National Park Service - KNPS Korea National Park Service