Gender integration within the Mt. Mantalingahan protected landscape

© Conservation International/photo by Lynn Tang
Published: 23 February 2017
Last edited: 02 October 2020
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While the Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Landscape was designed with input and consent from the indigenous communities living within and adjacent to the area, primarily indigenous leaders (all male) were consulted. We conducted an analysis through documents, interviews and surveys to identify how, and to what extent, both men and women were (and are) involved in management. We used these results to inform development of the new management plan, which is now more gender-informed.


Southeast Asia
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Tropical evergreen forest
Ecosystem services
Forest Management
Gender mainstreaming
Indigenous people
Local actors
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Sustainable livelihoods
Changes in socio-cultural context
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation


Mount Mantalingajan, Rizal, Palawan, MIMAROPA, Philippines


This case study highlights many of the same challenges often seen in conservation: an assumption that leaders can necessarily speak for diverse interests and needs, patriarchal cultures where women are not allowed in the decision-making and consultation arenas, and a lack of time/understanding on the part of conservationists to take the extra steps and ensure the voices of less visible constituents are incorporated.


All men and women who live in, or use resources from, the Mt. Mantalingahan Protected Area.

How do the building blocks interact?

The gender analysis, using BB1 (gender guidelines), allowed for gathering of specific feedback and recommendations. These recommendations were then used to inform BB2 (integration into the management plan). It was only because of the first BB that the second could occur, and without the ability to integrate recommendations into the management plan, gathering the data would have been insufficient to make any real change.


Together with the survey and interview participants, we developed recommendations for making the new management plan more responsive to the needs, interests and priorities of both men and women. These recommendations were accepted by the management board and have been adopted into the new 5-year management plan for the Landscape (which was being drafted). It remains to be seen what the actual impacts of these changes are towards the end of the 5 years; we plan to conduct another assessment at that time. This case study provides a good example of how powerful it can be to provide recommendations at an opportune time (e.g. when a management plan is being updated).


Blog about a female ranger in the area:

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Kame Westerman Conservation International

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