The impact of multi-sectoral collaborations under the One Health aproach in the household health environment. The case of poor communities in Accra

Ana Maria Perez Arredondo
Published: 07 February 2024
Last edited: 07 February 2024
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Summary

In Ghana, the idea of multi-sectoral and interdisciplinary coordination to prevent, respond and manage public health at the human-animal-environmental interface has been present for about twenty years without being directly attached to the One Health (OH) discourse. However, there is little empirical evidence on the benefits obtained at the community level from integrating health actors in Ghana.
This work is based on the hypothesis that the historical development of multi-sectoral collaborations, despite being scattered, has created a common ground for turning the understanding and management of health into a holistic approach. The objective is to provide empirical evidence on the pathways for bringing a holistic health concept to the community level to influence the health environment and risk preferences.

Classifications

Region
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
National
Ecosystem
Area-wide development
Connective infrastructure, networks and corridors
Urban ecosystem and build environment
Theme
One Health
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Risk communication, community engagement and behaviour change
One Health coordination mechanism
One Health
Good governance of landscapes
Health related aspects of socio-economic factors such as poverty, education, social security structures, digitalisation, financing systems, human capacity development 
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
City management, governance and finance
Challenges
Changes in socio-cultural context
Health
Poor governance and participation
Sustainable development goals
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities

Location

Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana

Impacts

It was proved that the historical development of multi-sectoral collaborations in Ghana made it possible to bridge gaps between health sectors for addressing zoonotic diseases, promoting joint epidemiology training for human and animal health professionals. Moreover, it was observed that the integration of health sectors when addressing urban transformation, urban planning, and economic activities,creates benefits for the promotion of healthy environments at the community level.

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Ana Maria Perez Arredondo Center for Development Research (ZEF) , Bonn University