Integrating climate change aspects in protected areas management planning in Tanzania

Published: 13 March 2019
Last edited: 01 April 2019
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This solution focuses on the integration of climate change aspects into the overall management plan of Katavi National Park (Tanzania). It serves as a tool available to protected area managers for addressing the impacts of climate change on park biodiversity and ecosystems and adjacent communities; and for building park managers' technical capacity on climate change issues.


East and South Africa
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Grassland ecosystems
Tropical deciduous forest
Tropical grassland, savanna, shrubland
Disaster risk reduction
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Invasive alien species
Species management
Traditional knowledge
Erratic rainfall
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Invasive species
Lack of technical capacity
Sustainable development goals
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 14 – Life below water
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 9: Invasive alien species prevented and controlled
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 11: Protected areas


Mpanda, Katavi Region, Tanzania
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The challenges addressed are both technical and social:

  • Lack of recognition of the role of protected areas in achieving adaptation and mitigation goals by key actors
  • Limited access to climate and biodiversity data for conservation and development planning
  • Technical capabilities: low technical capacity to integrate climate change considerations into protected area management planning


Beneficiaries of this solution include:

  1. Planners and conservation managers from Katavi National Park and the Tanzania National Parks Authority
  2. Conservationists working in / around the Rukwa - Katavi Ecosystem

How do the building blocks interact?

The six building blocks are closely related.


Capacity building  on climate change resilience (BB1): Improved stakeholder capacity clearly enhanced their participation in the assessment of climate change vulnerability and land use (BB2), development of climate change strategy (BB 3), revision of the GMP

(BB 4) and communication of the revised GMP (BB 5)


Likewise, knowledge and skills gained, and information generated,  during the assessment of land use and climate change vulnerability (BB2)  is critical for the review of the GMP (BB 3) and the development of the climate change strategy (BB 4). The review of the GMP (BB 3) and the development of the park climate change strategy (BB 4) contributes to improved capacity on climate change resilience (BB 1) and consequently ehanced skills on the asessment of vulnerability and land use  (BB 2 ).


Communication of the park climate change strategy (BB 5) contributes to better capacity on park climate resilience  (BB 1), climate change vulnerability and land use asssessment (BB 2), development of a park climate change strategy (BB 4) and also revision of the GMP (BB 3).




The positive impacts of the solution are both social and environmental as it allowed park managers:

  1. To better understand the impacts of climate change on social and ecological systems and the vulnerability of biodiversity and ecosystems.
  2. To identify priority strategies for adaptation and mitigation of parks.
  3. To appreciate the role that protected areas can play in supporting the adaptation of nature and local communities by maintaining the flow of ecosystem services and mitigating the impacts of climate change by sequestering carbon.

Contributed by

doyi mazenzele