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Microprojects for revolving schemes of cattle farming benefitting communities around Lake Kainji National Park, Nigeria

Product Asset From Hunters Users Group Mohammed Dikko Bala
Published: 22 February 2019
Last edited: 01 April 2019
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196 Sustainable Livelihood projects were financed by LEEMP-GEF from 2004-2010 in 40 Support Zone Communities (SZCs) of Lake Kainji National Park. Building on this investment, the NPS-Bridging fund Project helped to scale up to 206 projects in 46 communities from 2011 to date.

The projects rely on a system of revolving product assets among members of the group. The assets include cows worth N60,000 (US$167) as well as medication and feeding worth N40,000.00 (US$111). The product assets are given to the 1st beneficiary, who fattens the cows for 6 months to 1 year, then sells them, keeping one and giving another one to a different group member to fatten. This continues until all members of the group have benefitted. The revolving is then repeated.


From 2010 to date all the members of the hunters and youth user group in the SZCs of the park have benefitted, and the scheme is now in the second round.


West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Forest ecosystems
Tropical deciduous forest
Biodiversity mainstreaming
Ecosystem services
Indigenous people
Poaching and environmental crime
Species management
Sustainable livelihoods
Extreme heat
Climate Challenges (Hazards)
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Vector and water borne diseases
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Ecological Challenges
Inefficient management of financial resources
Economic Challenges
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Lack of technical capacity
Social Challenges
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Lack of infrastructure
Social conflict and civil unrest
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 14 – Life below water
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 2: Biodiversity values integrated
Target 11: Protected areas
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through consumers
Indirect through government
(I)NDC Submission


Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria
Show on Protected Planet


  • Reduction in hunting in Kainji Lake National Park by members of the support zone communities due to the intervention 
  • Increased sighting of animals in the park by rangers and tourists
  • Increased income due to product asset revolving micro projects 
  • Community voluntarily participate in anti poaching patrols with rangers as volunteers in protecting the park 
  • Community Conservation clubs initiated and run in community schools   

Contributed by

Mohammed Dikko Bala IUCN Global Protected Areas Programme, Global Environment Facility/World Bank, IUCN WCPA