Ndiob’s Agriculture Development Programme

Enda Pronat
Published: 13 May 2019
Last edited: 13 May 2019
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Summary

Ndiob became the first city in Senegal to embark on an agroecological transition. Designed in a large community consultation, citizens from Ndiob formulated their Agriculture Development Programme, which includes five priorities: food security, management of natural resources, soil fertility, livestock breeding and farming, and agriculture. As a result, the city now invests a notable 23 per cent of its total budget to achieve an agroecological transition and undertakes a remarkable series of appropriate and adequate measures to sustainably manage its natural resources and to achieve food security. With their community-based multi-stakeholder territorial approach, Ndiob’s political strategies were recognized with an Honourable Mention of the Future Policy Award 2018, awarded by the World Future Council in partnership with FAO and IFOAM – Organics International.

Classifications

Region
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosystem
Agroforestry
Cropland
Desert ecosystems
Grassland ecosystems
Hot desert
Orchard
Rangeland / Pasture
Tropical grassland, savanna, shrubland
Theme
Adaptation
Agriculture
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Food security
Legal & policy frameworks
Restoration
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 9 – Industry, innovation and infrastructure
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 4: Sustainable production and consumption
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 8: Pollution reduced
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 13: Safeguarding genetic diversity
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Target 18: Traditional knowledge
Target 20: Mobilizing resources from all sources
Sendai Framework
Target 2: Reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030
Target 3: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through consumers
Indirect through government

Location

Ndiob, Fatick, Senegal

Challenges

Ndiob is a rural community, with an official estimated population of approx. 20,000 in 2018, with a surface of 127 km2, approx. 160 km east of Dakar, Senegal. Ndiob’s population is mainly composed of the ethnic group of the Serers, which is the third largest ethnic group in Senegal making up 15 % of the Senegalese population. About 50 years ago, the town of Ndiob was self-sufficient for food supply. Harvests were abundant and the fauna and flora of remarkable richness. Fruits and milk were not marketed at that time. Due to considerable deterioration of the socio-economic situation, nowadays things have turned negatively. However, thanks to Senegal’s ongoing decentralization processes, the municipality has now more autonomy for land and natural resources management, which, if managed wisely, can provide food security and economic prosperity.

Beneficiaries

Ndiob is a rural community, with an official estimated population of approx. 20,000 in 2018. Main beneficiaries are farming families, youth and women.

How do the building blocks interact?

First of all, Ndiob started by Developing a vision and a programme (BB1), then it designed on the basis of that vision its Ndiob’s Agriculture Development Programme (BB2). The developed programme guides Implementation in Ndiob (BB3) and serves as Transferable Model for the city network REVES and beyond (BB4).

Impacts

In 2017-2018, Ndiob’s budget for agroecology and sustainable development is EUR 42,000. This corresponds to 23 per cent of Ndiob’s total budget, a massive investment compared to the 2 per cent recommended by the REVES Charter agreed in 2017. Among the most costly measures are: EUR 1,830 to support seed production; EUR 1,200 invested in the training of 600 producers in agroecological practices; EUR 3,050 to build the capacity of farmers on agroecological practices; EUR 9,150 to distribute 200 ewes to poor households to promote the breeding of small ruminants; EUR 7,620 into the establishment of a credit fund financing agricultural and processing projects for young people and women; EUR 1,600 for the distribution of 23 millet mills; EUR 10,600 for connecting 300 households to water supply; and EUR 3,800 to help establish a water desalination unit. In terms of its objectives to achieve self-sufficiency in certified seeds and production of millet and peanuts, Ndiob worked extensively with its CAPCOMMUN partners. Regarding millet, Ndiob achieved 2018 self-sufficiency in certified seeds (about 10 tonnes). It is already planting 300 ha of millet using ecological agriculture this year, with an estimated production of 450 tonnes, ensuring food self-sufficiency for 300 families. In terms of peanuts, the collected 84 tonnes of seeds will be used on 560 ha.

Story

Municipality of Ndiob

My name is Issa Diop, I am 46 years old and I live in the village of Darou Salam in the municipality of Ndiob. My husband is a farmer and has benefited from the support of the municipality of Ndiob for improved agricultural yield in millet production, nutritional empowerment through crop diversification, processing of local products and the popularization of millet-based dishes.

 

Here we do not produce rice, which is the staple food of Senegalese people in general and Ndiob in particular. The soil in our fields was completely exhausted and the yield was very low, more and more expensive fertilisers were needed and our production did not allow us enough millet to cover our annual need.

 

Then my husband had attended a meeting where the municipality was looking for volunteer farmers to experiment with another form of agriculture that can help restore soil fertility and improve yields. We did not hesitate to join this programme, and really had nothing to lose. So we took the chance with 100 others. We did not regret our choice.

 

We received a lot of training, for example, on how to make compost from animal waste. The results were impressive. The yield has doubled and today we are above a ton per hectare. We can now provide all the grain needs of our small family.

 

We have also received training in Ndiob on the processing of cereals and local products. Since I was one of the best, I was chosen with two other women to further the training and become trainers ourselves. Currently I am able to train other women in the processing of local products and in the preparation of local millet dishes as a substitute for imported rice. Recently the municipality sent me a trainee from Ndiob, whom I trained.

 

Thanks to the commune I now have a kiosk where I only sell local products made from millet. This is another source of income and people appreciate my dishes. The greatest satisfaction I have is that our family is becoming more and more self-sufficient in terms of food. Through the diversification of the cultures, we have the essentials of the basic products necessary for our food. We have learned to transform them properly to make them into popular, nutritional dishes.

 

We are very proud of this rewarding experience which is making us more and more independent. At this rate we will no longer be impacted by rising food prices because we will have what it takes to live properly. This programme should be generalized and spread to the whole community.

Contributed by

Ingrid Heindorf World Future Council (WFC)

Other contributors

Municipality of Ndiob