Promoting of Agroforestry and Conservation Agriculture for the Farmers near Conserved areas in Kagera Region

Smart farmers and Transformation
Published: 30 July 2021
Last edited: 30 July 2021
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Kagera region is covered by 2458023 people out of which 1205683 are male and 1252340 are female. This region covers 25265 square kilometres according to the national census provided by the regional statistics officer Mtalemwa in 2016.

This area contains four national parks: Rubondo Island crossing two Geita and Kagera, Burigi Chato National Park crossing Kagera and Geita, Rumanyika - Karagwe National Park crossing  Kagera region and Ibanda - Kyerwa found in Kagera region. These areas cover 5956.6 square kilometres (Tanzania National Park.

This area has been affected by poaching and shifting cultivation by small-scale farmers in the area. Poverty and inadequate knowledge are the main problems that force people to enter the conserved areas for illegal hunting and agricultural cultivation.

According to the Tanzania National Park, 25000 animals have died as a result of poaching and almost 854.9 square kilometres have been left uncovered due to human activities.




East and South Africa
Scale of implementation
Rangeland / Pasture
Access and benefit sharing
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Disaster risk reduction
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Fire management
Food security
Forest Management
Gender mainstreaming
Geodiversity and Geoconservation
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Health and human wellbeing
Indigenous people
Infrastructure maintenance
Land management
Legal & policy frameworks
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Peace and human security
Poaching and environmental crime
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Renewable energies
Species management
Standards/ certification
Sustainable financing
Sustainable livelihoods
Traditional knowledge
Waste management
Water provision and management
World Heritage
Increasing temperatures
Land and Forest degradation
Shift of seasons
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Ecosystem loss
Invasive species
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Inefficient management of financial resources
Infrastructure development
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Physical resource extraction
Changes in socio-cultural context
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation
Social conflict and civil unrest
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals
Sendai Framework
Target 1: Reduce global disaster mortality by 2030
Target 2: Reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030
Target 3: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030
Target 6: Enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030
Business engagement approach
Indirect through consumers
Indirect through government
Indirect through legal actors


Kagera, Tanzania | Karagwe District, Kyerwa District, Mulemba district, Ngara district and Biharamulo District



  1. inadequate knowledge on conservation sustainable agriculture 
  2. Inadequate awereness on climate change adaptation and mitigation 
  3. Poor participation of women and youth in decision making at the household level
  4. Inadequate community awareness about the conservation of protected areas and wildlife sactuaries
  5. Poverty, that lead to inadequate food security


This project will be implemented in Kagera region whereby 973500 smallholder farmers will benefitis with solution. Within this smallholder farmers 350000 will be male adult, 115000 male youth, 400000 women adult and 108500 will be female youth.

How do the building blocks interact?

All of these approaches aims to create income to farmers hence protecting and restoring the environment.

Agroforestry will be able to produce enough food and animal production for stew hence planting the trees at the same time and by doing so they will avoid shifting cultivation that causes environmental degradation. They will also stop poaching which will boost more sustainability for wild animals.


  1. Meaningful participation of women and young people in leadership and decision making at partners organization level
  2. Increased production of smallholder farmers through sustainable agriculture
  3. Increased income of smallholder farmers through financial services, value addition and markets


Smart farmers and Transformation

Agroforestry and sustainable agriculture have been promoted by Smart fatmers and transformation since 2020 through the ALIVE programme spounsored by VI agroforestry Tanzania. This project involves planting trees and growing crops. The promotion of sustainable agricultural land management practices has encouraged the economy of smallholder farmers. 881 farmers in Karagwe district have benefited from this project and 400,000 ecological trees have been planted.

Contributed by

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Eliabu N. Hosea Smart Farmers and Transformation (SFT)