Restoration and Community Co-Management of Mangroves (RECCOMM)

Published: 07 September 2017
Last edited: 09 July 2019
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The solution aims at increasing the health of the mangrove and associated ecosystems and reducing vulnerabilities of coastal communities to climate change. It focuses on ecosystem restoration and local capacity building for habitat conservation and increased socio-economic benefits.

Technical components:

  • Replanting of mangroves
  • Sustainable mangrove management, including cultivation of fast growing alternative species
  • Introduction of beekeeping as a sustainable alternative livelihood
  • Promotion of ecotourism


Scale of implementation
Freshwater ecosystems
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Pool, lake, pond
Disaster risk reduction
Forest Management
Outreach & communications
Sustainable livelihoods
Land and Forest degradation
Sea level rise
Storm surges
Tropical cyclones / Typhoons
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Poor governance and participation
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 7 – Affordable and clean energy
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 13 – Climate action
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 5: Habitat loss halved or reduced
Target 7: Sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Sendai Framework
Target 2: Reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030
Target 3: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030


Telescope, Saint Andrew, Grenada


As a small island in the south-eastern Caribbean Sea, Grenada is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Extreme events such as hurricanes are likely to become more intense in the future. Two prolonged dry spells with devastating consequences to the agriculture sector occurred in the past five years.

The coastal communities in the project area are highly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change such as storm surges and sea level rise. They are also some of the most impoverished communities on the island. The project area is experiencing heavy coastal erosion, partially due to past sand mining activities. The mangroves that act as the first natural line of defence are being reduced by deforestation and unsustainable harvesting practices to produce charcoal.


  • Northern Telescope Mangrove Management Board (NTMMB)
  • Coastal communities, in particular charcoal producers, beekeepers, ecotourism guides, schools
  • Tourism sector
  • Farmers in the Telescope community

How do the building blocks interact?

The project approach includes technical as well as institutional capacity building and support. Institutional capacity building, in particular through the establishment of a co-management structure (Building Block 1), forms the basis for a successful intervention. Technical measures focus on mangrove restoration and local capacity building for habitat conservation (Building Block 2). In order to reduce the pressure on the mangrove ecosystem and create more resilient livelihoods for local communities, the project also includes income generating activities such as apiculture (beekeeping) development (Building Block 3).


  • A biological and socio-economic baseline study of the project area was completed, consisting of beach profiling, soil sampling, community surveys and the selection of different implementation sites.
  • Community consultations and meetings were held to inform and involve the community in the project. This resulted in high interest in the mangrove replanting/protection components, and in the project’s sustainable livelihoods components (beekeeping, sustainable charcoal management,ecotourism).
  • Over 1900 mangrove seedlings, as well as other species such as neem, almond, and sea-grape, were planted at the project site between 11/2015 and 11/2016. They are continuously monitored by members of the community. The planted transects have been fitted with basic fences to improve their visibility to the users of the mangrove.
  • Courses on beekeeping provided participants with skills to operate as professional beekeepers. Hives were placed close to the project site, equipment was procured and the beekeepers were supported to establish a cooperative.
  • Specifications and designs for a boardwalk and a bird-hide to support eco-tourism activities have been developed. Training in eco-tourism will soon begin.
  • Awareness activities, conducted during the implementation of other activities such as mangrove planting, have targeted the broader public to inform them about the project.



Heidi Knights has lived in Telescope for the past 12 years, and along with the other members of the Telescope, has notice the progressive decline in their surrounding environment. For generations the community has used the mangroves and coastal area for cultural, recreational, and domestic purposes. Some members of the community cut mangrove trees to produce charcoal which is then sold and used as fuel. There are also farmers in the community who use sticks from mangrove trees as support for their crops.

Telescope residents did not know exactly how else they could have used the area without harming it. Even while they were using the mangrove forest as a source of income, they never realised that they can continue using it as a more sustainable source of income while leaving it intact.

Since becoming involved with the RECCOMM project and participating in various activities: from replanting of mangroves seedling and non-mangrove plants, to trainings for capacity development and beekeeping, Heidi and other community members have since developed an ownership of the mangroves. They are now engaged in active monitoring of the seedlings they’ve planted and are excited to begin harvesting honey from their beehives. Heidi believes that with continued work and more outreach and awareness activities, more communities can be involved in protecting their environment and Telescope is now doing.

Contributed by

Maxine Welsh Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Other contributors

Ministry of Education, Human Resource Development, and the Environment