Restoration of degraded mangrove ecosystems

CONABIO
Published: 04 January 2016
Last edited: 28 March 2019
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Summary

The mangrove stands of Nichupté Lagoon have been chronically stressed due to degradation and pollution associated with coastal development and tourism infrastructure, reducing the resilience of the mangrove ecosystem to disturbances such as hurricane Wilma that degraded large mangrove areas as well as adjacent reef formations. To support the recovery of the mangrove ecosystem, the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP) began to implement restoration and conservation activities.

Classifications

Region
North America
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnational
Ecosystem
Lagoon
Mangrove
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Theme
Disaster risk reduction
Ecosystem services
Invasive alien species
Mitigation
Protected area management planning
Restoration
Challenges
Tropical cyclones / Typhoons
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Erosion
Ecosystem loss
Poor governance and participation

Location

Quintana Roo, México

Challenges

loss of biodiversity & ecosystem services, degradation & pollution, impacts of hurricanes

Beneficiaries

local fishermen and tourism operators as well as the entire local population depending on protection from natural disasters

How do the building blocks interact?

tba

Impacts

- Recovery of vegetation cover and return of fauna - Restoration of ecosystem and environmental services - Environmental education and raised awareness of community members who have been involved in the field work. This field work included e.g. the joint collection and analysis of information on the causes and effects of invasive species in the ecosystem. Seeing environmental issues in the field, community members experienced the impacts and its effects, supporting a change of mind on their behavior.

Story

»The restoration of degraded mangrove areas demands personnel and professional commitment. Working under extreme conditions in the mud while trying to achieve not only the technical project objectives but also to inspire others to do so was not an easy task,« states Teresa Patricia Santos Gonzáles, Head of Department at the Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna Manglares de Nichupté. »The results, however, have made our efforts worthwhile. Databases and graphs of the monitoring results and pictures taken before and after the project‘s implementation phase indicate the recovery of the mangrove cover – and the survival and growth of reforested individuals with an average survival of more than 89 per cent, as well as returning local mangrove fauna. And I can conclude that even though the field work was hard, I fell in love with this muddy ecosystem.«

Contributed by

Patricia Santos González CONANP

Other contributors