Restoration of mangroves in the Sian Ka‘an biosphere reserve

Ángel Omar Ortiz Moreno
Published: 06 January 2016
Last edited: 28 March 2019
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Summary

The Sian Ka’an biosphere reserve features mangroves and marshland. The once extensive stands in the reserve have, however, been severely depleted. A road constructed across the reserve improved access to the reserve but hindered water flow within the mangrove stands, leading to a large scale degradation of mangroves. The restoration programme uses the framework of an ecosystem-based approach to climate change adaptation to restore the original state of ecological conditions.

Classifications

Region
Caribbean
Scale of implementation
Local
National
Subnational
Ecosystem
Coral reef
Freshwater ecosystems
Lagoon
Mangrove
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Seagrass
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Theme
Adaptation
Coastal and marine spatial management
Ecosystem services
Fisheries and aquaculture
Mitigation
Tourism
World Heritage
Challenges
Land and Forest degradation
Ecosystem loss

Location

Sian Ka‘an biosphere reserve, Yucatán peninsula, México

Challenges

  • Declining fish stocks
  • Degradation of mangrove stands
  • Loss of carbon storage
  • Economic impacts due to climate change

Beneficiaries

Local fisherfolk and tourism operators as well as tourists.

How do the building blocks interact?

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Impacts

Moreover, to set up efficient programmes of mangrove restoration and conservation knowledge is needed on their ecological characteristics and dynamics, actual conditions and sources of impacts to which they have been subdued. Restoration of degraded mangrove areas is of current interest, particularly with regard to the overall goals of habitat restoration, ecosystem service preservation and climate change mitigation. The project strives to restore the ecosystem services that are provided by the mangrove ecosystem and to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases through carbon dioxide capture.

Contributed by

ygomez@conanp.gob.mx's picture

Yadira Gómez Hernández CONANP

Other contributors

Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve
CINVESTAV-IPN, Mérida Unity