Restoration of mangroves in the Sian Ka‘an biosphere reserve

Full Solution
Sian Ka'an biosphrere reserve
Ángel Omar Ortiz Moreno

The Sian Ka’an biosphere reserve features mangroves and marshland. The once extensive stands in the reserve have, however, been severely depleted. A road constructed across the reserve improved access to the reserve but hindered water flow within the mangrove stands, leading to a large scale degradation of mangroves. The restoration programme uses the framework of an ecosystem-based approach to climate change adaptation to restore the original state of ecological conditions.

Last update: 08 Feb 2023
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Context
Challenges addressed
Land and Forest degradation
Ecosystem loss
  • Declining fish stocks
  • Degradation of mangrove stands
  • Loss of carbon storage
  • Economic impacts due to climate change
Scale of implementation
Local
Subnational
National
Ecosystems
Lagoon
Mangrove
Seagrass
Coral reef
Wetland (swamp, marsh, peatland)
Theme
Adaptation
Mitigation
Ecosystem services
Coastal and marine spatial management
Fisheries and aquaculture
Tourism
World Heritage
Location
Sian Ka‘an biosphere reserve, Yucatán peninsula, México
Caribbean
Process
Summary of the process
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Building Blocks
Study on healthy ecological conditions

A study provides information about the ecological structure of healthy mangrove stands and the original conditions of hydrological flow at the site.

Enabling factors

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Lesson learned

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Monitoring and evaluation

A science-based monitoring protocol for hydrological, chemical and biological parameters enables the detection of changes over time, thereby increasing the effectiveness of restoration actions.

Enabling factors

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Lesson learned

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Mangrove restoration

Following the restoration of the hydrological flow, mangroves species able to cope with the altered hydrological conditions are planted. This increases the chances that restoration activities will be successful.

Enabling factors

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Lesson learned

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Involvement of stakeholders

Workshops involving representatives of government agencies, academia and local communities contribute to an increased awareness of the programme and its management practices. The feedback provided by stakeholders helps to improve adaptation measures.

Enabling factors

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Lesson learned

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Communication and dissemination

Information on the project activities is disseminated to promote best management practices and facilitate their replication in other reserves.

Enabling factors

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Lesson learned

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Impacts

Moreover, to set up efficient programmes of mangrove restoration and conservation knowledge is needed on their ecological characteristics and dynamics, actual conditions and sources of impacts to which they have been subdued. Restoration of degraded mangrove areas is of current interest, particularly with regard to the overall goals of habitat restoration, ecosystem service preservation and climate change mitigation. The project strives to restore the ecosystem services that are provided by the mangrove ecosystem and to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases through carbon dioxide capture.

Beneficiaries

Local fisherfolk and tourism operators as well as tourists.

Connect with contributors
Other contributors
Ángel Omar Ortiz Moreno
Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve
Dr. Jorge Herrera Silveira
CINVESTAV-IPN, Mérida Unity