Restoration of the northwestern banks of the Faro National Park

MINFOF, 2021
Published: 12 October 2021
Last edited: 12 October 2021
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Summary

Since the advance of the agricultural front and the expansion of villages on the outskirts of Faro National Park in particular, people have modified natural ecosystems and used their resources.  However, this modification is often synonymous with environmental degradation: intensive use of land, soil and water pollution, loss of habitats and biodiversity ...   Restoring land and reintroducing trees to landscapes, including existing forests, helps provide forest products, conserve biodiversity, improve hydrological flows and soil fertility, and limit soil erosion  .   To succeed in restoring the banks of the Faro National Park, the population must be made aware of the importance of conserving the area, limiting the expansion of crops on the banks and relocating agricultural plots over a perimeter of 50 meters from the course of  water and reforest the banks of the park with agroforestry species beneficial to the populations.

Classifications

Region
West and Central Africa
Scale of implementation
Local
Multi-national
National
Subnational
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosystem
Agroforestry
Cropland
Theme
Adaptation
Ecosystem services
Erosion prevention
Forest Management
Gender mainstreaming
Habitat fragmentation and degradation
Land management
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Pollution
Protected and conserved areas governance
Protected and conserved areas management planning
Restoration
Sustainable financing
Sustainable livelihoods
Traditional knowledge
Watershed management
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Challenges
Desertification
Land and Forest degradation
Loss of Biodiversity
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Erosion
Ecosystem loss
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Inefficient management of financial resources
Lack of alternative income opportunities
Changes in socio-cultural context
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Poor monitoring and enforcement
Poor governance and participation
Social conflict and civil unrest
Lack of food security
Unemployment / poverty
Sustainable development goals
SDG 13 – Climate action
Aichi targets
Target 1: Awareness of biodiversity increased
Target 10: Ecosystems vulnerable to climate change
Target 11: Protected and conserved areas
Target 14: Ecosystem services
Target 15: Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Sendai Framework
Target 6: Enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through government

Location

Faro WDPA ID: 1241
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Challenges

The climate of the area is characterized by heavy annual rainfall leading to increasing erosion, silting up of rivers and more recently flooding.  Floods, alternating with periods of drought, cause damage to humans and their property and increase the risk of crop failures.  The majority of the population on the outskirts of Faro National Park live below the poverty line and depend heavily on natural resources.  However, the availability of ecosystem services has just been reduced by unsustainable land use and their importance for water regulation, flood protection and supplying people inside the park is not.  hardly recognized by the forestry administration.  The safeguard of this watercourse would allow navigation again.

Beneficiaries

- Around 90,000 people, ie a proportion of around 2,000 women;

 - 03 townships made up of 29 villages;

 - Village development committee;

 - The Faro National Park Conservation Service;

How do the building blocks interact?

The consultation platforms created have enabled us to bring together each other's opinions by raising awareness and collecting information from residents and local elites, in order to map the degraded areas to be restored.  ;  To make local actors understand the advantage of safeguarding the banks of the Faro and Déo course.

Impacts

This reforestation of the banks will make it possible to:

 Environmental impacts:

 1. Limit water pollution by pesticides;

 2. Strengthen the fight against erosion through soil stabilization and the capture of nutrients contained by tree roots in depth;

 3. Restore aquatic life (marine habitats damaged through protection and zoning);

 4. Improve the nitrogen supply of the soil;

 5. Promote the resettlement of endangered or extinct species;


  Socio-economic impacts:

  1. Forest degradation and loss directly hamper sustainable economic development and affect the livelihoods of local populations, compromising poverty reduction efforts, food security, biodiversity conservation as well as their resilience to impacts  of climate change.

Story

MINFOF, 2021

For almost 04 years, we have been involved and closely monitoring the concerns of the Faro National Park conservation service and local populations.  Each time, the same problem arises, namely the management of the land around the Faro National Park.

 In order to contribute to the resolution of this problem of land use and its degradation, numerous awareness meetings have been initiated to enable the population to understand the importance of conserving the banks of the Faro.  And through our technical and financial partner African Wildlife Foundation (AWF), we were able to carry out the land use plan which allowed us to define the areas to be restored and reorient the areas intended for agriculture far from the banks of the river.  the protected area.  All the populations concerned have agreed to free up the spaces and this has enabled us to strengthen the collaboration between the conservation service and the neighboring populations.

 With this awareness of the population, we hope for continuity in the Safeguarding and conservation of the shores of the Faro National Park.

Contributed by

Rodrigue Mourbaré Sali Cameroonian Ministry of Forests and Wildlife (MINFOF)