Supporting transboundary dialogue on Marine Spatial Planning towards a sustainable blue economy for the Southeast Pacific

Published: 09 August 2021
Last edited: 02 November 2021
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This solution is part of the MSPglobal Initiative, designed to support the “Joint Roadmap to accelerate Marine Spatial Planning processes worldwide (MSProadmap)”, adopted by IOC-UNESCO and European Commission and in line with SDG 14.


More specifically, this solution assists its beneficiary countries in generating approaches, tools and actions at transboundary level to contribute to coherent MSP plans in the Southeast Pacific.


This region shows important advances in integrated coastal management, although with different levels of progress; however, implementation of MSP is still incipient. Institutional capacities were reinforced and transboundary dialogue coordinated, resulting in a regional roadmap for transboundary MSP and sustainable blue economy.


A specific cross-border area - Gulf of Guayaquil (Ecuador/Peru) - was selected for a participatory mapping exercise on current conditions and scenarios.


MSPglobal was co-financed by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund of the European Union.


Central America
South America
Scale of implementation
Coral reef
Deep sea
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Open sea
Rocky reef / Rocky shore
Seamount / Ocean ridge
Coastal and marine spatial management
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Ecosystem services
Fisheries and aquaculture
Legal & policy frameworks
Local actors
Outreach & communications
Sustainable livelihoods
Loss of Biodiversity
Conflicting uses / cumulative impacts
Ecosystem loss
Pollution (incl. eutrophication and litter)
Unsustainable harvesting incl. Overfishing
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of public and decision maker’s awareness
Sustainable development goals
SDG 1 – No poverty
SDG 2 – Zero hunger
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 4 – Quality education
SDG 5 – Gender equality
SDG 6 – Clean water and sanitation
SDG 7 – Affordable and clean energy
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 9 – Industry, innovation and infrastructure
SDG 10 – Reduced inequalities
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 14 – Life below water
SDG 15 – Life on land
SDG 16 – Peace, justice and strong institutions
SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals




  • Increasing number of maritime uses and conflicts
  • Increasing need and demand to improve coastal and marine conservation
  • Lack of policies on MSP and/or sustainable blue economy in most of the beneficiary countries
  • Lack of capacity on MSP among some governmental institutions and other stakeholders
  • Lack of regional coordination towards coherent MSP plans across maritime borders


  • Representatives of governmental institutions involved in institutional discussions about MSP from the 4 beneficiary countries
  • Other stakeholders (e.g. maritime users and researchers) that had the opportunity to engage in the trainings and/or mapping exercise

How do the building blocks interact?

The key objectives of this solution were to “strengthen stakeholders’ capacities” (BB2) on MSP and sustainable blue economy in the four beneficiary countries, as well as to “support the development of institutional recommendations at regional scale” (BB6). In order to inspire the beneficiary countries in a more concrete way, an example was developed in a cross-border area between two of the countries through “analyzing current conditions of the marine environment and maritime uses” (BB3) and “building scenarios for MSP and sustainable blue economy” (BB4). Based on this, it was decided to “showcase the key results through a simplified and interactive storytelling tool” (BB5), easily accessible and understood by stakeholders. Everything was done based on engagement activities that required adequate “planning, reporting and monitoring stakeholder participation and communication” (BB1).


  • Increased awareness among different stakeholders about the relevance of marine policies such as MSP and sustainable blue economy
  • Increased stakeholders’ capacities to develop and implement MSP plans and sustainable blue economy strategies at national level
  • Knowledge-based cross-border dialogue built on technical tools (reports and user-friendly storytelling tool)
  • Agreed regional recommendations on MSP and sustainable blue economy

Contributed by

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MSPglobal Initiative Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

Other contributors

MSPglobal Initiative