Sustainable and participative management in the regulation of marine activities for the preservation of species in "El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve"

Everardo Mariano
Published: 18 March 2021
Last edited: 06 May 2021
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El Vizcaino Whale Sanctuary is the most important place in the world for the protection of the once endangered grey whale. 

In this area there are fishing and nautical tourism, which coincides with the migratory routes of whales.  

Due to this fact and in order to ensure the habitat conservation, the following measures have been taken:

  •  Weekly biological monitoring.
  • Ethological analysis in a system of areas differentiated by activities.
  • Shared strategies with tourism companies so that their activities do not alter the biological processes of whales and whale calves.
  • Implementation of the 1996 emergency Act for the protection and conservation of the grey whale.

These measures have made progress towards the conservation of the grey whale and driving to the economic development of the region and fostering the participation of the civil society.


North America
Scale of implementation
Deep sea
Marine and coastal ecosystems
Access and benefit sharing
Coastal and marine spatial management
Connectivity / transboundary conservation
Ecosystem services
Fisheries and aquaculture
Legal & policy frameworks
Local actors
Protected area governance
Protected area management planning
Science and research
Species management
Sustainable livelihoods
World Heritage
Increasing temperatures
Infrastructure development
Lack of access to long-term funding
Lack of technical capacity
Lack of infrastructure
Sustainable development goals
SDG 3 – Good health and well-being
SDG 8 – Decent work and economic growth
SDG 11 – Sustainable cities and communities
SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
SDG 13 – Climate action
SDG 14 – Life below water
Sendai Framework
Target 3: Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP by 2030
Target 6: Enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030
Target 7: Increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030
Business engagement approach
Direct engagement with a company
Direct engagement with associations
Indirect through consumers


Ojo de Liebre Lagoon, Mexico | San Ignacio Lagoon
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  • Grey whale population recovery. 
  • Designation of specific whale watching areas.
  • Ban on fishing nets in lagoons.
  • Broad community participation.
  • Good tourism practices in these lagoons led to national guidelines.
  • Regulatory support with clear guidelines of behavior for each activity.
  • Establishing the carrying capacity to limit the number of boats that can perform whale watching.

Contributed by

Everardo Mariano Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaíno

Other contributors

Civil Society
Sociedad Civil San Ignacio
Casa Mexicana
Sociedad Civil Ejido Juárez
Exportadora de Sal
Iniciativa privada